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A refugee camp for displaced South Sudanese people impacted by floods near southern Sudan in September 2021. Photo: Ashraf Shazly/AFP via Getty Images

GLASGOW, Scotland While negotiators haggle over targets and finance pledges at COP26, many of the world's poorest nations are already experiencing acute harm from climate change.

Driving the news: Joseph Africano Bartel, undersecretary with South Sudan's Ministry of Environment and Forestry, told Axios that the "climate disaster is not waiting," and while South Sudan's "emissions are negligible," it is "now experiencing the brunt of climate change."

  • "Flooding... droughts, heat waves affecting our people," he said.

The big picture: Bartel said one COP26 goal is to see adaptation put "on par" with mitigation, the term used for emissions-cutting initiatives. National adaptation plans and programs are awaiting funding, he said.

  • But he added that even as the long-promised $100 billion annually in climate finance from developing nations has not yet materialized, the real amount needed is vastly higher still.
  • "It was just an arbitrary figure that was put there without estimating or trying to look into how much will it cost," he said. Capacity building and technology transfer are another priority, Bartel said.

The intrigue: He credited the U.S. with helping usher in the Paris Agreement at COP21, but called COP25 in Madrid in 2019 a "failure" due to the Trump administration's climate posture.

  • "Now, with Biden, we have we have had a lot of good promises," Bartel said. But he added "we're also following what is happening with the budget in the U.S.," noting U.S. initiatives may fall short of expectations.
  • "But at the moment, we give the Biden administration the benefit of the doubt. We know that he is genuine, he believes in it, and we in the negotiations, we expect that this time around, they will be with us."

Go deeper

Poll: 52% of Americans say they've experienced effects of global warming

Expand chart
Data: "Climate Change in the American Mind;" Chart: Jacque Schrag/Axios

According to new results from a national poll from the Yale Program on Climate Change Communication, a record high of seven-in-10 Americans said they are at least "somewhat worried" about global warming. This beats out the findings from the same question dating back to 2008.

Why it matters: Americans are increasingly perceiving climate change as a current danger affecting them personally, a development that could shift attitudes toward federal policy.

JPMorgan: "Full global recovery" in 2022

Photo: Erik McGregor/LightRocket via Getty Images

JPMorgan Chase Global Research says in a forecast to clients: "2022 will be the year of a full global recovery, an end of the global pandemic, and a return to normal conditions we had prior to the COVID-19 outbreak."

The big picture: The bullish report sees "a return of global mobility, and a release of pent-up demand from consumers (e.g. travel, services)."

Inside Trump's hunt for "disloyal" Republicans

Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios

Donald Trump and his associates are systematically reshaping the Republican Party, working to install hand-picked loyalists across federal and state governments and destroy those he feels have been disloyal, sources close to the former president tell Axios.

Why it matters: If most or all of Trump’s candidates win, he will go into the 2024 election cycle with far more people willing to do his bidding who run the elections in key states.