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Photo: Jane Tyska/MediaNews Group/The Mercury News via Getty Images

California Gov. Gavin Newsom apologized for the state's history of "violence, maltreatment and neglect" against Native Americans during a meeting with tribal leaders on Tuesday, reports the Los Angeles Times.

"California must reckon with our dark history. We can never undo the wrongs inflicted on the peoples who have lived on this land that we now call California since time immemorial, but we can work together to build bridges, tell the truth about our past and begin to heal deep wounds."
— Gov. Gavin Newsom

The big picture: Political leaders across the U.S. are taking steps to recognize and apologizing for the historic mistreatment of Native Americans and black slaves. Newsom's plea comes 1 day before the House is set for hearing about reparations for descendants of black slaves.

What they're saying: Daniel Salgado, chairman of the Cahuilla Band of Indians, says the apology is the first step in the healing process, and the recognition of the hardships Native Americans faced has been a long time coming, according to the LA Times.

Details:

  • California's Native American population declined from 150,000 to 30,000 between 1846 and 1879, found the Los Angeles Times.
  • California has the largest number of Native American residents in the U.S. according to the Census, reports AP.

Go deeper

Texas House probes school library books dealing with race and sexuality

Photo: Brittany Murray/MediaNews Group/Long Beach Press-Telegram via Getty Images

Texas state Rep. Matt Krause (R), chair of the Texas House Committee on General Investigating, announced Wednesday that he's initiating a probe into schools' library books, according to a letter sent to the state's education agency and other superintendents.

Why it matters: The probe focuses on books that discuss race, sexuality, or "make students feel discomfort, guilt, anguish, or any other form of psychological distress because of their race or sex," Krause wrote in the letter.

5 hours ago - World

Iran agrees to resume Vienna nuclear talks in November

Ali Bagheri (R) with Enrique Mora in Tehran on Oct. 14. Photo: Iranian Foreign Ministry handout via Getty

Iran's new chief nuclear negotiator said following a meeting in Brussels on Wednesday that Iran would resume negotiations in Vienna before the end of November, with the exact date to be set next week.

Why it matters: The Vienna talks have been frozen since Iran's new hardline president, Ebrahim Raisi, was elected in June. This is the most direct commitment from Raisi's government to return to the negotiating table.

Dan Primack, author of Pro Rata
10 hours ago - Politics & Policy

Democrats' billionaires tax explained

Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios

There is now legislative language behind the push to tax American billionaires on unrealized capital gains, as Sen. Ron Wyden last night released his 107-page plan.

Why it matters: This would be a sea change in U.S. tax policy, which has only applied to realized gains (otherwise known as income).