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The bull market is expected to become the longest on record Wednesday, having persisted for 3,453 days.

Why it matters: Investors have been in the black for nearly a decade, immediately following the worst financial crisis of most of their lifetimes.

Expand chart
Data: Yahoo Finance and S&P Dow Jones Indices; Chart: Harry Stevens/Axios
How we got here

The generally accepted start date is March 9, 2009 — which is when the S&P 500 hit a low of 666.

  • Ed Yardeni, the founder of Yardeni Research, tells Axios that if anyone had told him the market would have these kind of gains after the Great Recession, he and many of his peers would have been skeptical.
  • It hasn’t been a perfectly smooth ride. There were several corrections (a price decline of 10% or more) and “mini-corrections” along the way, such as during the Greek debt crisis, fiscal cliff debate, and the Brexit vote.

Wednesday could mark a big technical milestone, but not everyone on Wall Street even agrees that we've hit it. Some argue that the 1990's bull market ran longer, while others disagree with the notion that this bull market legitimately began in 2009.

  • Yardeni, for example, thinks stocks are in their second-longest bull run, and the number to beat is actually 4,494 days. He starts the clock on the previous longest bull market in 1987, not 1990 like other market-watchers, because he believes the 19.9% decline in 1990 qualified only as a correction, not an actual bear market.
Where we go next

When bull markets get old, people expect them to die.

  • “Bull markets are like incandescent light bulbs. They tend to glow brightest just before they go out,” Sam Stovall, chief investment strategist at research firm CFRA, tells Reuters.
  • Bearish investors point to several possible tipping points, including escalating trade tensions, European worries (including Italy's debt load) and if the Fed is unexpectedly aggressive when it comes to raising interest rates.

Bulls, on the other hand, will point to solid quarterly earnings, rising consumer confidence and strong economic growth.

Be smart

Age may just be a number. As Yardeni puts it:

“The obsession about the length of the bull says more about investor psychology than about the market. This bull has been described as the most hated one in history, and investors have found reason after reason not to buy in, even as the S&P 500 has quadrupled.”

Go deeper

Joint Chiefs chair Gen. Mark Milley tests positive for COVID-19

Photo: Olivier Douliery - Pool/Getty Images

Mark Milley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, tested positive for COVID-19 on Sunday.

State of play: Joint Staff spokesperson Col. Dave Butler said in a statement that Milley — who is fully vaccinated and has received a booster shot — is experiencing "very minor symptoms" and is "working remotely and isolating himself."

Momentum builds to ban lawmakers from trading stocks

Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

Some progressive Democrats and MAGA Republicans are uniting on a proposal to ban sitting lawmakers from trading individual stocks, although it's unlikely that leadership will bring the bill up for a vote.

Why it matters: Members of Congress have great power to move stock prices, and great financial incentives to do so.

Updated 5 hours ago - Energy & Environment

Thousands without power as "hazardous" winter storm lashes East Coast

Satellite imagery of the Northeastern U.S. taken by NOAA on Jan. 17. Photo: NOAA

A major winter storm lashed much of the East Coast Sunday and Monday, causing widespread power outages and disrupting travel over the holiday weekend.

The latest: The Weather Prediction Center said in a storm summary Monday that winter storm warnings are still in effect for portions of the Central Appalachians, Ohio Valley, interior Mid-Atlantic and Northeast, while other portions of the Central Appalachians and coastal New England are under high wind warnings.