A Silicon Valley startup is quietly taking over U.S. classrooms - Axios
Future of Work

A Silicon Valley startup is quietly taking over U.S. classrooms

Photo: Kiddom

Silicon Valley is determined to improve education by infusing it with technology. Its latest example is Kiddom, whose personalized learning software has quietly entered classrooms in 70% of U.S. school districts, according to the company.

Bottom line: Education is an obvious target for tech entrepreneurs—it has both mission and market size, especially as schools increasingly invest in tablets and lightweight laptops, amidst growing concerns over of the future of work.

The pitch: The promise of "personalized learning" is that students will be more successful if enabled to learn and work at their individual paces, along with regular guidance from teachers. Kiddom helps track each student's progress and can provide customized lesson materials. It also collects information on each student's skill level, learning pace and learning style.

  • "I think it's a data problem," says venture capitalist Keith Rabois, who led an investment in Kiddom for Khosla Ventures. He points out that medical records weren't digitized until recently, before which it was more difficult for patients and doctors to get a full understanding of a person's health. "There's a big promise in personalized learning, almost a Holy Grail."
  • Although Kiddom isn't currently making any money, CEO Ahsan Rizvi says that revenue generation likely will include charging use fees to school districts for new products (its currently free tools will remain free).
  • Kiddom says that once 20% of teachers in a school are using its software tools, it usually takes six to seven months for the rest of the school to adopt.

"Memorizing content is not what makes students successful," argues Abby Griffy, an instructional supervisor for Marshall County School District in Kentucky. Griffy's district began using Kiddom earlier this year as part of an effort to overhaul its approach and shift away from its previous focus on standardized tests. It also still uses software from some of Kiddom's competitors.

  • One of the district's main goals is to better prepare students for jobs and educational pursuits after high school—to "instill 21st Century skills in them," Griffy says.
  • One of Kiddom's most compelling features, for Griffy and Marshall County's school district, is the ability to match student assignments and work to education standards. For this, the company is using content from a dozen providers, such as Khan Academy and PBS Learning Media, and uses machine learning to analyze the school work.
  • Since it began these efforts, standardized tests scores have dropped, says Griffy, though administrators expected a dip as part of the transition.

But not all experts are convinced yet that tech-enabled personalized learning is an education panacea.

  • Personalized learning can require that teachers prepare more assignments and lesson plans, putting a strain on their already busy schedules.
  • Some experts are concerned that the heavy use of computers for lessons and assignments can deprive students of skills like group collaboration. Asked for comment, Kiddom tells Axios that it views technology as a way to enhance interactions between the student and teacher, not as a replacement for it.
  • The Carpe Diem Collegiate High School and Middle School in Yuma, Ariz. was initially praised for its rows of cubes with computers for each student that produced higher standardized tests scores. However, the school struggled to retain students. Silicon Valley-based AltSchool also recently said it's scaling back its school operations to instead focus on selling its software.
  • Kiddom, which has only raised $6.5 million in funding, faces several better-capitalized competitors, including Google Classroom, Summit Learning Platform (330 schools in 40 states, backed by Mark Zuckerberg's philanthropic organization), and AltSchool ($174 million raised).

Go deeper: Mother Jones recently looked into Summit Learning Platform and its parent company, a network of charter schools founded in 2003.

Editor's Note: Sign up for Axios newsletters to get our smart brevity delivered to your inbox every morning.

The story has been updated to clarify that Khan Academy and others aren't formal partners.


An industry-level look at the U.S. economy

This interactive chart shows a sector-by-sector look at the U.S. economy, tracking employment and wages since 2006, just before the crash.

How to read it: The circles indicate industries, sized by their average number of employees over time. From there, the chart is doing two things — tracking jobs and earnings from 2006 to 2017 (the up and down movement of the circles shows the change in number of jobs; left to right is the change in earnings), and projecting forward from 2014 to 2024 (signified by the intensity of the colors of the circles).

Data: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Note: Most growth projections are made at the same level of industry detail shown here. In cases where no growth projection exists, the number shown represents one detail level up; Chart: Chris Canipe / Axios

Go deeper: A snapshot of the jobs malaise


The next big U.S.-China competition: artificial intelligence

Illustration: Lazaro Gamio / Axios

China is in the midst of an artificial intelligence frenzy, spurred in part by the "Next Generation Artificial Intelligence Development Plan" Beijing released in July that promises huge policy and financial support in pursuit of expansive goals between now and 2030.

The big question: Will AI sharpen competition between the US and China? Right now, the most likely outcome is that it will.

A white paper by Kai-Fu Lee, founder of Sinovation Ventures and a world-renowned AI researcher, and Paul Triolo, head of Eurasia Group's Geo-technology practice, argues that China and the US are already in a global AI duopoly because China has several structural advantages for AI development:

  • Huge data sets generated by nearly a billion Internet users and few privacy restrictions.
  • A rapidly growing pool of talented Chinese AI engineers.
  • Some of the best and most aggressive entrepreneurs in the world.
  • A very supportive government policy, including significant financial support.

The big picture: China's AI plan is part of the Chinese government's blueprint for becoming a superpower and achieving "the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation," while maintaining Communist Party control.

  • As Elsa B. Kania, a fellow at the Center for a New American Security, recently wrote: "China plans to pursue cutting-edge advances in a category of critical next-generation AI technologies in order to "occupy the commanding heights" of AI science and technology."
  • Kania also wrote that the Chinese government "plans to leverage its rise in AI to enhance national competitiveness, while bolstering its capacity to ensure state security and national defense." It plans to "leverage AI to create systems for intelligent monitoring and early warning and control of potential (or perceived) threats."

The bottom line: China has the data, the talent, the money, the regulatory environment and the government vision to become an artificial intelligence superpower. As in an increasing number of other areas, US-China AI competition is far more likely than cooperation.

Go deeper: Battlefield Singularity: Artificial Intelligence, Military Revolution, and China's Future Military Power by Elsa B. Kania


Wall Street can't wait to short bitcoin

Illustration: Rebecca Zisser / Axios

The price of bitcoin is up more than 1,500% percent this year. Next week traders will get a way to bet the price goes down.
Why it matters: The average holder of bitcoin now are millennials, counter-culture folks and "other amateurs who are interested in the technology," said Ihor Dusaniwsky of financial analytics firm S3 Partners. New futures trading in bitcoin will open the market to professional traders.
"Current bitcoin holders are the gazelles in the plain, and the tigers and lions are about to get released."
The CBOE will begin issuing Bitcoin futures contracts on Dec. 10 that will let sophisticated investors bet against the asset more easily than ever before. This new instrument, along with similar upcoming offerings from the CME and others, could pave the way for a serious bitcoin correction.
  • Before now, the only way to short bitcoin was through Grayscale Investment's Bitcoin Investment Trust, which Dusaniwsky called "extraordinarily expensive" and hard to trade because of the limited number of shares.
Trading futures will be different because traders won't have to ever own actual bitcoin, which are by design very limited in supply. These contracts will allow more people than ever before to cheaply and to easily buy and in particular, sell large quantities of bitcoin.
But short selling bitcoin can be even riskier than owning it because when you buy an asset, the most you can lose is your initial investment. When you sell an asset short, your losses are potentially infinite, limited only by how high the price goes.

Data: CoinDesk; Chart: Axios Visuals


Demand for electric vehicles rising in 2017

"Demand for EVs has continued to rise in 2017, setting new records for purchases and vehicle model availability," according to a new report on the electric vehicle market by Securing America's Future Energy. The chart below shows the year-over-year growth of EVs and plug-in hybrids in the U.S.

Reproduced from Securing America's Future Energy analysis; Chart: Axios Visuals

Between the lines: "Although six models currently account for nearly two-thirds of sales, consumers have a fuller range of choices with 37 models available, thanks to marked declines in battery technology costs and enhanced range," per the market snapshot.


GE slashing 12,000 jobs in electrical power division

General Electric plant in Belfort. Photo: Thibault Camus / AP

General Electric announced it is slashing 12,000 jobs to save $1 billion in its electrical power division, which helps produce about one-third of the electricity around the world. That an 18% cut for the division, per CNN. Reuters reports staff in Switzerland and Germany are badly hit by the changes.

Be smart: This shows that renewable energy is taking its toll on traditional power, reducing the need for its business by 40%, per CNN. GE acknowledged that "overall growth in renewables" contributed to the decision to move forward with the cuts, in addition to overcapacity and fewer outages. Siemens, which has also been hit by growth of renewables, is cutting 6,900 jobs,

  • The climate change factor — "traditional utility customers have reduced their investments due to…uncertainty about future climate policy measures," per Reuters.
  • Competition in Asia has increased price pressures, Reuters reports.

GE is the worst-performing stock in the Dow right now, down 44% this year. The Dow is in talks to drop GE, per CNN.


Dollar General to open 900 new stores in 2018

Photo: Charles Krupa / AP

Investors sent shares in Dollar General higher Thursday after the company announced better-than-expected sales growth and plans to open 900 stores in 2018.

Why it matters: Dollar General avoided the struggles of the broader retail industry by focusing on poor, rural communities overlooked by Walmart, which are home to customers living paycheck-to-paycheck with limited access to credit cards.

But the planned expansion is in part a bid to go after affluent shoppers. "We are encouraged by the early progress," Neil Saunders, managing director of GlobalData Retail, said in a research note to clients. "The company is capturing a more significant share of spending from middle income and more affluent Americans."

  • Dollar General credited its strong 4.3% same-store sales growth on its success bringing in these type of shoppers, who are able to spend more per visit.


Open borders good for Walmart customers, says chairman

Walmart Chairman Greg Penner. Photo: Danny Johnston / AP

Walmart Chairman Greg Penner told an audience at the Fortune Global Forum in Guangzhou, China, today that "open borders and free trade have been good for our consumers." He added that each of the past 11 presidential administrations has sought out the opinions of the company on such matters due to Walmart's large size and U.S. employee base of more than 2 million.

Why it matters: Walmart has long been associated with red-state America, but the company has recently clashed with the GOP's anti-free trade faction, as evidenced by the lobbying it did to kill proposal earlier this year to increase taxes on companies that import goods from abroad.

What we're watching: Look for Walmart to increase pressure on lawmakers to stand up to the increasingly influential protectionist faction in the White House.

Here's what else Penner had to say:

Walmart is made better by "being paranoid" about the competition.

"We're at our best when we've got a competitor that's really challenging us. In the early days, it was Sears, and then it was Target. But we're at our best when we've got competition that are really pushing us."

On the challenges of integrating Walmart's in-store and e-commerce businesses.

"When we set up ou e-commerce business initially, we had it completely separate, and found that that didn't work because we couldn't leverage the core assets of the company. And then we brought it in, but found there wasn't enough risk taking . . . Getting people to work together . . .that may sound simple, but that's not easy. You have to have risk takers, but it's hard to get that going."

On how the company is managing its expansion into China by partnering with JD.com:

"Here' in China, we had an e-commerce business, Yihaodian, but we sold that business to JD.com and went all in on the JD partnership. We just felt like we had to be part of a bigger ecosystem to get our sales going. We've leveraged the JD platform, where we can access 90% of the population beyond our 400 physical stores. And then we're innovating—we've got a service out of 150 of our stores, where you order from the JD platform, it gets picked at our stores, and it's delivered within an hour."

On managing a company of Walmart's size and scope:

"There's only so much you can control in a job you do. I mean, we are big company. We have 2.5 million associates around the world and almost 12,000 stores. Something bad is going to happen everyday, and something good is going to happen everyday."

On what American companies can learn from East Asia:

"I've been coming here for fifteen years . . . they have this mentality of 'we're going to get things done.' First, that was these big infrastructure projects, but a lot of that shifted into innovation. We're seeing incredible innovation in this market with things like rapid delivery that other markets of ours we're going to be following from and learning."

Editors note: Penner is an investor in Axios.


New paper: China is going head-to-head with the U.S. in AI

Alibaba's Jack Ma increasingly goes after the same market as Amazon. (Mark Lennihan / AP)

China's massive churn of raw data and determination to own the technologies of the future put it in a head-to-head race with the United States for dominance in artificial intelligence, according to a new paper co-authored by Kai-fu Lee, China's most prominent VC and the former head of Google China.
Why it matters: AI is widely expected to be the next broad technological advance that revolutionizes global business and whole economies. If Lee is right, China's advantages give it a strong chance to win the economic and geopolitical muscle that will accrue to whoever grabs the lead in AI research and applications. "A very good scientist with a ton of data will beat a super scientist with a small amount of data," Lee wrote, along with Eurasiagroup's Paul Triolo. "This is not always well understood, but it is critical to determining which companies–and countries–will take the global lead in AI development."

Here are key takeaways from the paper:

  • China's No. 1 advantage is its huge data sets and flexibility to use them in AI applications: Chinese use phones to pay for goods 50X more than Americans; they use them for food delivery 10X more than the US; and shared bicycles 300X more. All of that churns out data. "This single advantage will be insurmountable by other countries," the paper says.
  • Another advantage: China puts up few bureaucratic roadblocks, such as local and federal governments that sometimes embroil tech issues in "endless debates," and labor attempting to delay projects such as autonomous trucks.
  • Chinese self-driving tech is two years behind the US, but its companies will later at least co-lead in autonomous vehicles, in addition to optics and "Internet AI," business built around the amassing of data.
  • Beijing will become a co-leader with Silicon Valley as an AI innovation center.
  • China's Alibaba will hold its own against Amazon, and Tencent will "lead Facebook." Baidu will continue to lag Google in AI.

Walmart is shortening its legal name

A motorist drives through a Walmart parking lot. Photo: Kelly P. Kissel / AP

In the age of Amazon, the world's largest retailer is changing its legal name from "Wal-Mart Stores Inc." to "Walmart Inc." effective Feb. 1, AP reports. Walmart this year tripled the number of items sold online from a year ago.

Wall Street Journal: "Other big companies have changed names to signal a shift in strategy to customers or investors. Steve Jobs in 2007 decided to shorten Apple Computer Inc.'s name to Apple Inc. as it moved into phones and other devices. Google Inc. became Alphabet Inc. in 2015 as the company branched out into more businesses beyond search, like self-driving cars and robots."

Doug McMillon, Walmart president and CEO, wrote in a blog post: "Whether it's in our stores, on our sites, with our apps, by using their voice or whatever comes next, there is just one Walmart as far as our customers are concerned."


Snap, Google, Facebook again dominate list of top iPhone apps

Apple released its list of top iPhone apps for the year and, once again, the list was dominated by titles created by Facebook, Google and Snap. Their apps combined for all of the top seven spots among free iPhone apps followed by Netflix, Spotify and Uber.

Data: Apple; Chart: Axios Visuals

Why it matters: These companies dominate the share of ad spending so it's vital to their future to have top-ranked mobile apps as well. On the other hand, it's getting harder and harder for others to find their way to the top of the charts.

Apple also released its top 20 for other categories, including paid apps, free and paid games as well as leaders in podcasts, music, movies, TV shows and books:

Top Free iPhone Apps:

  1. Bitmoji
  2. Snapchat
  3. YouTube: Watch Listen Stream
  4. Messenger
  5. Instagram
  6. Facebook
  7. Google Maps - GPS Navigation
  8. Netflix
  9. Spotify Music
  10. Uber
  11. Gmail - Email by Google
  12. Pandora Music
  13. Amazon – Shopping made easy
  14. WhatsApp Messenger
  15. Wish - Shopping Made Fun
  16. Twitter
  17. SoundCloud - Music & Audio
  18. Google Chrome
  19. Waze Navigation & Live Traffic
  20. Lyft
Top Paid iPhone Apps:
(Our thought bubble: This shows the power of subscriptions, validating the bet made by Lightricks, the maker of photo editing apps Facetune, and Enlight)
  1. Facetune
  2. Tabs & Chords - learn and play
  3. HotSchedules
  4. Enlight
  5. 7 Minute Workout Challenge
  6. Videoshop - Video Editor
  7. Dark Sky Weather
  8. Sky Guide AR
  9. Full Fitness : Exercise Workout Trainer
  10. Word Swag - Cool fonts & typography generator
  11. iScanner - PDF Document Scanner App
  12. Scanner Pro by Readdle
  13. Afterlight
  14. The Wonder Weeks
  15. NOAA Radar Pro – Weather Alerts & Forecast
  16. Toca Hair Salon 3
  17. LightX
  18. Scanner for Me + OCR
  19. 1 Second Everyday: Video Diary
  20. Fontmania - Add Artworks & Text to Your Photos!
Top Free iPhone Games:
(Our thought bubble: This list tells you a lot about what people download, but not so much about which games brought in the money. Even though Super Mario Run tops the list, it was a one-time purchase to own the game. That limited its revenue potential as compared to games that rely on repeated in-app purchases.)
  1. Super Mario Run
  2. 8 Ball Pool™
  3. Snake VS Block
  4. Ballz
  5. Word Cookies!
  6. Subway Surfers
  7. Episode!
  8. Rolling Sky
  9. Block! Hexa Puzzle
  10. Paper.io
  11. Solitaire·
  12. Bowmasters - Multiplayer Game
  13. Color Switch
  14. Piano Tiles 2™(Don't Tap The White Tile 2)
  15. Choices: Stories You Play
  16. Roll the Ball® - slide puzzle
  17. Clash Royale
  18. ROBLOX
  19. Word Connect ¤
  20. Candy Crush Saga
Top Paid iPhone Games:
  1. Heads Up!
  2. Minecraft
  3. Bloons TD 5
  4. Plague Inc.
  5. MONOPOLY Game
  6. Geometry Dash
  7. Monument Valley 2
  8. The Game of Life
  9. The Escapists
  10. Assassin's Creed Identity
  11. Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas
  12. True Skate
  13. RollerCoaster Tycoon® Classic
  14. Five Nights at Freddy's: Sister Location
  15. Papa's Freezeria To Go!
  16. Five Nights at Freddy's
  17. Hitman Sniper
  18. Terraria
  19. Reigns
  20. Tiny Wings
Top Free iPad Apps:
(Our thought bubble: Video apps dominated the list, not surprisingly.)
  1. YouTube: Watch Listen Stream
  2. Netflix
  3. Facebook
  4. Messenger
  5. Google Chrome
  6. Amazon Prime Video
  7. Gmail - Email by Google
  8. YouTube Kids
  9. Amazon – Shopping made easy
  10. Spotify Music
  11. Pandora Music
  12. The Calculator
  13. The Weather Channel App for iPad – best local forecast radar map and storm tracking
  14. Google Docs
  15. Google
  16. Hulu: Watch TV Shows & Movies
  17. Amazon Kindle
  18. Google Maps - GPS Navigation
  19. Google Drive
  20. Microsoft Word
Top Paid iPad Apps:
(Our thought bubble: Here it was kids games that dominated, telling you something about iPad demographics, with children's app developer Toca Boca making up nearly half the list.)
  1. Procreate
  2. Notability
  3. Toca Life: Hospital
  4. Toca Hair Salon 3
  5. GoodNotes 4
  6. Toca Life: Stable
  7. Duet Display
  8. Toca Lab: Elements
  9. Toca Kitchen 2
  10. XtraMath
  11. Toca Life: Farm
  12. Toca Life: Office
  13. PDF Expert by Readdle
  14. Amaziograph
  15. Notepad+ Pro
  16. Toca Life: Vacation
  17. Pixelmator
  18. GoodReader - PDF Reader Annotator and File Manager
  19. Affinity Photo
  20. Toca Life: City
Top Free iPad Games:
  1. Super Mario Run
  3. Rolling Sky
  4. Word Cookies!
  5. Bowmasters - Multiplayer Game
  6. Subway Surfers
  7. Paper.io
  8. slither.io
  9. Piano Tiles 2™(Don't Tap The White Tile 2)
  10. 8 Ball Pool™
  11. Block! Hexa Puzzle
  12. Clash Royale
  13. Roll the Ball® - slide puzzle
  14. Color Switch
  15. Minecraft: Story Mode
  16. Cooking Fever
  17. Hill Climb Racing 2
  18. Minion Rush
  19. Episode!
  20. Snake VS Block
Top Paid iPad Games:
  1. Minecraft
  2. Geometry Dash
  3. Five Nights at Freddy's: Sister Location
  4. Bloons TD 5 HD
  5. The Escapists
  6. Terraria
  7. Five Nights at Freddy's
  8. Goat Simulator
  9. Monument Valley 2
  10. Heads Up!
  11. The Game of Life
  12. Scribblenauts Unlimited
  13. Five Nights at Freddy's 2
  14. Goat Simulator PAYDAY
  15. Octodad: Dadliest Catch
  16. Goat Simulator Waste of Space
  17. Plague Inc.
  18. LEGO® Jurassic World™
  19. Assassin's Creed Identity
  20. SpongeBob Moves In
U.S. Music - Top Albums
  1. Drake More Life
  2. Kendrick Lamar DAMN.
  3. Taylor Swift reputation
  4. Ed Sheeran ÷
  5. The Weeknd Starboy
  6. J. Cole 4 Your Eyez Only
  7. Bruno Mars 24K Magic
  8. Migos Culture
  9. Future FUTURE
  10. Various Artists Moana
  11. Post Malone Stoney
  12. Original Broadway Cast of Hamilton Hamilton
  13. Various Artists Trolls (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)
  14. Drake Views
  15. Big Sean I Decided.
  16. Travis Scott Birds in the Trap Sing McKnight
  17. JAY Z 4:44 am
  18. Future HNDRXX
  19. Khalid American Teen
  20. Chris Stapleton From A Room: Volume 1
U.S. Music Top Songs
  1. Ed Sheeran Shape of You
  2. Luis Fonsi & Daddy Yankee Despacito (feat. Justin Bieber)
  3. Bruno Mars That's What I Like
  4. Kendrick Lamar HUMBLE.
  5. Sam Hunt Body Like a Back Road
  6. Migos Bad and Boujee (feat. Lil Uzi Vert)
  7. Bruno Mars 24K Magic
  8. DJ Khaled I'm the One (feat. Justin Bieber, Quavo, Chance the Rapper & Lil Wayne)
  9. Post Malone Congratulations (feat. Quavo)
  10. Rae Sremmurd Black Beatles (feat. Gucci Mane)
  11. ZAYN & Taylor Swift I Don't Wanna Live Forever (Fifty Shades Darker)
  12. The Weeknd Starboy (feat. Daft Punk)
  13. Drake Fake Love
  14. James Arthur Say You Won't Let Go
  15. Imagine Dragons Believer
  16. Future Mask Off
  17. The Chainsmokers & Coldplay Something Just Like This
  18. Lil Uzi Vert XO TOUR Llif3
  19. KYLE iSpy (feat. Lil Yachty)
  20. The Chainsmokers Closer (feat. Halsey)
U.S. Movies
  1. Moana (2016)
  2. Rogue One: A Star Wars Story
  3. Wonder Woman (2017)
  4. Sing
  5. Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2
  6. Trolls
  7. Doctor Strange (2016)
  8. Beauty and the Beast (2017)
  9. Arrival
  10. Spider-Man: Homecoming
  11. Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them
  12. Logan
  13. The Boss Baby
  14. The LEGO Batman Movie
  15. Hacksaw Ridge
  16. The Accountant (2016)
  17. John Wick: Chapter 2
  18. Hidden Figures
  19. Baby Driver
  20. Passengers (2016)
  1. Game of Thrones
  2. The Walking Dead
  3. The Big Bang Theory
  4. Rick and Morty
  5. The Americans
  6. Suits
  7. PAW Patrol
  8. This Is Us
  9. Modern Family
  10. Grey's Anatomy
  11. Better Call Saul
  12. Sherlock
  13. Scandal
  14. RuPaul's Drag Race
  15. Big Little Lies
  16. Doctor Who
  17. Planet Earth II
  18. Homeland
  19. The Flash
  20. The Blacklist
U.S. Podcast - Most Downloaded
  1. Fresh Air
  2. The Joe Rogan Experience
  3. Stuff You Should Know
  4. The Dave Ramsey Show
  5. The Daily
  6. This American Life
  7. TED Radio Hour
  8. Planet Money
  9. Pod Save America
  10. TED Talks Daily
  11. Freakonomics Radio
  12. Up First
  13. My Favorite Murder with Karen Kilgariff and Georgia Hardstark
  14. Radiolab
  15. NPR Politics Podcast
  16. The Bill Simmons Podcast
  17. S-Town
  18. Up and Vanished
  19. Global News Podcast
  20. Stuff You Missed in History Class
U.S. iBooks Fiction
  1. Camino Island / John Grisham
  2. The Handmaid's Tale / Margaret Atwood
  3. Origin / Dan Brown
  4. Into the Water /Paula Hawkins
  5. The Fix / David Baldacci
  6. Big Little Lies / Liane Moriarty
  7. The Girl Before / J.P. Delaney
  8. A Gentleman in Moscow / Amor Towles
  9. The Shack / William P. Young
  10. Before We Were Yours by Lisa Wingate
  11. A Game of Thrones / George R.R. Martin
  12. It / Stephen King
  13. Thirteen Reasons Why / Jay Asher
  14. The Late Show / Michael Connelly
  15. Milk and Honey / Rupi Kaur
  16. The Rooster Bar / John Grisham
  17. The Midnight Line / Lee Child
  18. The Whistler / John Grisham
  19. House of Spies / Daniel Silva
  20. Everything, Everything by Nicola Yoon
U.S. iBooks Non-Fiction
  1. Hillbilly Elegy / J.D. Vance
  2. The Subtle Art of Not Giving a F*ck / Mark Manson
  3. Astrophysics for People in a Hurry / Neil de Grasse Tyson
  4. The 5 Love Languages / Gary D. Chapman
  5. When Breath Becomes Air / Paul Kalanithi & Abraham Verghese
  6. The Glass Castle / Jeannette Walls
  7. What Happened / Hillary Clinton
  8. Option B / Sheryl Sandberg & Adam Grant
  9. Killing the Rising Sun / Martin Dugard, Bill O'Reilly
  10. You Are a Badass / Jen Sincero
  11. Shattered / Jonathan Allen, Amie Parnes
  12. Al Franken, Giant of the Senate / Al Franken
  13. The Operator / Robert O'Neill
  14. Rich Dad Poor Dad / Robert T. Kiyosaki
  15. Killers of the Flower Moon / David Grann
  16. Born a Crime / Trevor Noah
  17. Alexander Hamilton / Ron Chernow
  18. The Magnolia Story / Chip Gaines & Joanna Gaines
  19. Hidden Figures / Margot Lee Shetterly
  20. Killing England / Martin Dugard, Bill O'Reilly
U.S. Audiobooks
  1. The Subtle Art of Not Giving a F*ck / Mark Manson
  2. The Four Agreements (Unabridged) / Don Miguel Ruiz
  3. The Dark Tower I: The Gunslinger (Unabridged) / Stephen King
  4. The Witness / Nora Roberts
  5. How to Win Friends & Influence People (Unabridged) / Dale Carnegie
  6. Hillbilly Elegy (Unabridged) / J. D. Vance
  7. The Shack (Unabridged) / Wm. Paul Young
  8. Extreme Ownership (Unabridged) / Jocko Willink, Leif Babin
  9. Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone, Book 1 (Unabridged) / J.K. Rowling
  10. Rich Dad Poor Dad / Robert T. Kiyosaki
  11. The Handmaid's Tale (Unabridged) / Margaret Atwood
  12. The Art of War (Unabridged) / Sun Tzu
  13. You Are a Badass (Unabridged) / Jen Sincero
  14. The Alchemist (Unabridged) / Paulo Coelho
  15. The Secret (Unabridged) / Rhonda Byrne
  16. Astrophysics for People in a Hurry (Unabridged) / Neil de Grasse Tyson
  17. The Five Love Languages (Unabridged) / Gary Chapman
  18. The Total Money Makeover / Dave Ramsey
  19. The Power of Now (Unabridged) / Eckhart Tolle
  20. It (Unabridged) / Stephen King