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AP

A study from UN Women and Promundo, an international research group, takes a look at the motivations behind why men harass women in the street, drawing its data from four Middle Eastern countries: Egypt, Lebanon, Morocco, and the Palestinian region, per NPR's Malaka Gharib:

One striking revelation is that education, specifically being highly-educated, plays a major role:

  • "Young men with secondary-level education were more likely to sexually harass women than their older, less-educated peers."
  • "Around half the men they surveyed, for example, said they felt stressed, depressed or ashamed to face their families. Perhaps harassing women is a way to assert their power," suggests Gary Barker, Promundo CEO and co-author of the report.
  • "These young men 'have high aspirations for themselves and aren't able to meet them,' he says. 'So they [harass women] to put them in their place. They feel like the world owes them.'"

Other findings from the analysis:"[O]f the 4,830 men surveyed, between 31 percent in Lebanon to 64 percent in Egypt admitted to having sexually harassed women and girls in public, from ogling to stalking to rape.""Barker and (co-author Shereen) El Feki suspect that factors contributing to the behavior include the region's high unemployment rates, political instability and pressure to supply their family's daily needs.""The harassment is also a way for young men to 'get their kicks' says El Feki. When the men in the survey were asked why they sexually harassed women in public, the vast majority, up to 90 percent in some countries, said they did it for fun and excitement."Global effect: The study's authors also acknowledge that, although their analysis pulls specifically on countries across the Middle East, female harassment on the street is a worldwide issue and motivations are similar motivations for men of different cultures.

Why it matters: "We know quite a lot about women and girls but nothing about men and boys" when it comes to harassment, said El Feki. The authors hope understanding the motivations behind such acts can offer insight into how to prevent them.

Go deeper

Hollywood union reaches deal with studios to avert strike

Photo: AaronP/Bauer-Griffin/GC Images

A Hollywood workers' union reached a tentative deal with studios, networks and streamers that will guarantee better working conditions, meal breaks and increased wages for low-paid workers, the International Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employees (IATSE) announced Saturday night.

Why it matters: The deal, which still needs to be ratified by IATSE members, will avert a nationwide strike by film and television workers that was set to start Monday. It would have been the first strike in the union's 128-year history.

Bill Clinton released from hospital following treatment for non-COVID infection

Photo: Tasos Katopodis/Getty Images/Bloomberg via Getty Images

Former President Bill Clinton was discharged from the University of California, Irvine Medical Center on Sunday, nearly a week after he was admitted for a non-COVID-related infection, according to his spokesperson Angel Ureña.

What they're saying: "His fever and white blood cell count are normalized and he will return home to New York to finish his course of antibiotics," wrote Dr. Alpesh Amin, who has been overseeing the team of doctors treating Clinton. "On behalf of everyone at UC Irvine Medical Center, we were honored to have treated him and will continue to monitor his progress."

Worth noting: Clinton had a urinary tract infection that spread to his bloodstream, per CNN.

  • The California-based medical team had been administering IV antibiotics and fluids, and was in constant communication with Clinton's New York team, including his cardiologist, according to the former president's physicians.
  • President Biden spoke by phone with Clinton on Friday to see how he was doing, and the catch-up included a discussion of recent politics.
6 hours ago - Technology

TikTok drives new nostalgia economy

Illustration: Shoshana Gordon/Axios

Older brands, trends and technologies are making a comeback as younger consumers desperately chase slower, less chaotic times.

The big picture: TikTok's algorithm makes it easy for flashback items to resurface and quickly go viral both on its platform and eventually on other social networks.