May 9, 2017

The 3D-printed homes people can actually live in

Over the past few years, designers and construction companies have experimented with using large, 3D printers to build homes, offices and other structures.

  • The old thing: "Printing" building blocks and parts of homes, which are then assembled on-site.
  • The new thing: Using 3D printers to print an entire building on site.

Pros: 3D printing would help eliminate waste in construction and can use recycled materials as building materials. Homes eventually could be easily personalized, and could provide cheap, safe housing in the wake of natural disasters.

Cons: There's still a long way to go with 3D technology and building printers that are large enough to build these structures. It's difficult to meet the intricacies of building code requirements while programming the printers, and most homes that have been built are tiny and not particularly stylish.

Here are some of the most recent 3D, livable space projects.

1. Houston, Texas: Alex Le Roux designed and built a concrete 3D printer while at Baylor University in June of 2016. He then oversaw the first livable home created entirely by a 3D printer in the U.S. The "house" is 8 feet by 5 feet by 7 feet.

2. Austin, Texas: the American construction company Sunconomy, along with Apis Cotr — based in San Francisco and Russia — are raising money to build affordable, 3D-printed housing — one house will be given to a disabled veteran.

3. Russia: Apis Cotr built a 3-D printed home in March. The home is 400-square-feet, took less than 24 hours to build and cost just more than $10,000.

4. Massa Lombarda, Italy: WASP set out to build the first 3D printed village — the village of Shamballa. Construction began last year, and the first house only cost 48 euros.

5. China: A 400-square meter, two-story villa was printed in 45 days on site by HuaShang Tengda last year. The structure was tested and could withstand a level 8 earthquake.

HuaShang Tengda

6. Amsterdam, Netherlands: DUS Architects constructed the 8-square meter Urban Cabin last year as part of its 3D Canal House project, which will ultimately include 13 3D-printed rooms.

Ossip van Duivenbode

Have some 3D insight? Send me an email at or a tweet @stefwkight .

Go deeper

In photos: How the coronavirus outbreak is impacting on daily lives

A woman receives a rose delivered to her via a drone in Lebanon's coastal city of Jounieh. Photo: Joseph EidAFP via Getty Images

The novel coronavirus pandemic is having a huge impact on the lives of people around the world.

The big picture: The first known case outside China was in Thailand on Jan. 13. Since then, global infection numbers have surged, and governments around the world have responded with measures designed to curb the spread of the virus — ranging from lockdowns to physical distancing enforcement. There were more than 723,000 confirmed COVID-19 infections by early Monday, per Johns Hopkins data). However, life hasn’t stopped because of the pandemic, but it has changed. Here's how.

See photosArrow17 mins ago - Health

World coronavirus updates: Global death toll surpasses 34,000

Data: The Center for Systems Science and Engineering at Johns Hopkins, the CDC, and China's Health Ministry. Note: China numbers are for the mainland only and U.S. numbers include repatriated citizens and confirmed plus presumptive cases from the CDC

The novel coronavirus has now killed more than 34,000 people and infected over 723,000 others globally, per Johns Hopkins data. Italy reported more than 10,700 deaths early Monday.

The big picture: Governments around the world have stepped up public health and economic measures to stop the spread of the virus and soften the financial impact. In the U.S., now the site of the largest outbreak in the world, President Trump said Sunday that his administration will extend its "15 Days to Slow the Spread" guidelines until April 30,

Go deeperArrowUpdated 2 hours ago - Health

Coronavirus dashboard

Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

  1. Global: Total confirmed cases as of 1 a.m. ET: 722,435 — Total deaths: 33,997 — Total recoveries: 151,991.
  2. U.S.: Leads the world in cases. Total confirmed cases as of 1 a.m.. ET: 142,502 — Total deaths: 2,506 — Total recoveries: 4,856.
  3. Federal government latest: President Trump says his administration will extend its "15 Days to Slow the Spread" guidelines until April 30.
  4. Public health updates: Fauci says 100,000 to 200,000 Americans could die from virus.
  5. State updates: Louisiana governor says state is on track to exceed ventilator capacity by end of this week — Cuomo says Trump's mandatory quarantine comments "panicked" some people into fleeing New York
  6. World updates: Italy on Sunday reports 756 new deaths, bringing its total 10,779. Spain reports almost 840 dead, another new daily record that bring its total to over 6,500.
  7. What should I do? Answers about the virus from Axios expertsWhat to know about social distancingQ&A: Minimizing your coronavirus risk
  8. Other resources: CDC on how to avoid the virus, what to do if you get it.

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