Screengrab via YouTube, NASA

New scientific findings reveal that "the now-hellish planet," Venus, could have had water on its surface early on, per Science News.

How it may have happened: Simulations studied "the delicate interplay of cloud cover, carbon dioxide and water" that may have produced a watery surface on the planet. In some scenarios, Venus would need fairly little water, just 10% of the mass of Earth's oceans, to create its own seas. The dry planet seen today could be due to the water boiling away or getting "reinjected into part of the planet's interior," if it was even there to begin with. The results were published last week in the Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets. It supports past research suggesting Venus' slow rotation could have promoted cloud cover and cool temperatures.

Why it matters: Astrophysicist Michael Way, who was not involved with the study, told Science News that this discovery "plays into a much bigger puzzle of understanding the habitability of exoplanets."

Update: a previous version of this story mis-identified the name of the journal.

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Updated 1 hour ago - Politics & Policy

Coronavirus dashboard

Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios

  1. Politics: Americans feel Trump's sickness makes him harder to trustFlorida breaks record for in-person early voting — McConnell urges White House not to strike stimulus deal before election — Republican senators defend Fauci as Trump escalates attacks.
  2. Health: The next wave is gaining steam.
  3. Education: Schools haven't become hotspots — University of Michigan students ordered to shelter-in-place.
  4. World: Ireland moving back into lockdown — Argentina becomes 5th country to report 1 million infections.

Report: Goldman to settle DOJ probe into Malaysia's 1MDB for over $2B

Illustration: Lazaro Gamio/Axios

Goldman Sachs has agreed with the Department of Justice to pay over $2 billion for the bank's role in Malaysia's multi-billion dollar scandal at state fund 1MDB, Bloomberg first reported.

Why it matters: The settlement, expected to be announced within days, would allow Goldman Sachs to avoid a criminal conviction in the U.S. over the bribery and money laundering scandal that saw three of its former bankers banned for life from the banking industry by the Federal Reserve Board.

Trump threatens to post "60 Minutes" interview early after reportedly walking out

Trump speaks to reporters aboard Air Force One, Oct. 19. Photo: Mandel Ngan/AFP via Getty Images

President Trump tweeted on Tuesday that he was considering posting his interview with CBS' "60 Minutes" prior to airtime in order to show "what a FAKE and BIASED interview" it was, following reports that he abruptly ended the interview after 45 minutes of taping.

Why it matters: Trump has escalated his war on the media in the final stretch of his re-election campaign, calling a Reuters reporter a "criminal" this week for not reporting on corruption allegations about Hunter Biden and disparaging CNN as "dumb b*stards" for the network's ongoing coronavirus coverage.

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