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Data: The COVID States Project; Note: For the second question, respondents were randomly assigned one of four wordings of the question, and this chart shows the averages of the four wordings; Chart: Michelle McGhee/Axios

There's much higher public support for government-imposed vaccine mandates than businesses' use of "vaccine passports," even if they're called something else, according to recent surveys by the COVID States Project.

Why it matters: Private businesses are increasingly responsible for making pandemic policy, but this polling suggests that it'd be much more popular for the government to take the stronger role, at least when it comes to vaccine requirements.

By the numbers: 62% of respondents said they somewhat or strongly support local, state or federal governments requiring everyone to get a vaccine.

  • Even higher percentages supported vaccine mandates for getting on an airplane or going back to university.
  • On the other hand, much fewer said they support vaccine "passports." The survey asked different versions of the question, but the results didn't change much based on wording, whether the question explicitly mentioned the term "vaccine passport" or not.
  • On average, only 27.5% of respondents said they support businesses using vaccine passports. Slightly more people support voluntary — versus required — use of passports by businesses.

What they're saying: "It seems like the public is more comfortable with mandates when they’re characterized as coming from the government," said Matthew Baum, a Harvard professor who was an author of the project.

  • "When you put businesses into the question as the responsible party ... support is just a lot lower."

Go deeper

Updated 20 hours ago - Politics & Policy

Coronavirus dashboard

Illustration: Brendan Lynch/Axios

May 23, 2021 - Health

Rand Paul says he won't get COVID-19 vaccine

Sen. Rand Paul (R-Ky.) on May 11. Photo: Jim Lo Scalzo/EPA/Bloomberg via Getty Images

Kentucky Sen. Rand Paul won't get vaccinated against COVID-19 because he previously contracted the virus, the Republican lawmaker told radio host John Catsimatidis.

The big picture: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advises vaccination for those who previously had the coronavirus because experts do not yet know how long the immune system will protect against reinfection.

Axios-Ipsos poll: Black Americans' police experiences are getting worse

Expand chart
Data: Axios/Ipsos Poll; Note: 2.8% margin of error; Chart: Axios Visuals

Nearly seven out of 10 Black Americans say police treatment has gotten worse in the past year, and about the same percentage believe police shootings of Black and brown youths have become worse in that time, according to an Axios-Ipsos poll.

The big picture: The poll, conducted a year after George Floyd's death, suggests that the relationship between Black Americans and the police not only hasn't improved, but is a profound and escalating crisis.