Pablo Martinez Monsivais / AP

The White House is sending Cabinet officials their first draft of budget numbers on Monday. The big changes you can expect will be severe cuts to the Environmental Protection Agency, as Axios reported yesterday. Other targets include the State Dept. and social safety programs, with savings used to bolster military spending by $54 billion.

Negotiable factors: Resistance from federal agencies could lessen the severity of cuts in the original plan before a final budget request is sent to Congress. From there, Capitol Hill will have the final say. In order to pass Trump's defense request, lawmakers in both parties will have to agree to raise the government spending caps on defense and domestic programs imposed by the 2011 Budget Control Act.

Precise timing: As the NY Times points out, his plan — which is a product of a collaboration between President Trump's budget director, Mick Mulvaney; National Economic Council director Gary Cohn; and chief strategist, Steve Bannon — is intended to make a "big splash." The release is carefully timed to come the day before the president's address to Congress.

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Coronavirus dashboard

Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios

  1. Global: Total confirmed cases as of 4:30 p.m. ET: 21,295,429 — Total deaths: 767,714— Total recoveries: 13,295,750Map.
  2. U.S.: Total confirmed cases as of 4:30 p.m. ET: 5,345,610 — Total deaths: 169,146 — Total recoveries: 1,796,326 — Total tests: 65,676,624Map.
  3. Health: The coronavirus-connected heart ailment that could lead to sudden death in athletes — Patients grow more open with their health data during pandemic — FDA issues emergency use authorization for Yale's saliva coronavirus test.
  4. Education: "Historic" laptop demand leads to shortages ahead of remote school — Why learning pods aren't a panacea for remote learning — The COVID-19 learning cliff.
  5. States: New York to reopen gyms, bowling alleys, museums.
  6. Podcasts: The rise of learning podsSpecial ed under pressure — Not enough laptops — The loss of learning.

The COVID-19 learning cliff

Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios

Perhaps the most jarring reality of the COVID-19 pandemic for families has been the sudden and dramatic disruption to all levels of education, which is expected to have deep social and economic repercussions for years — if not decades — to come.

Why it matters: As millions of students are about to start the school year virtually, at least in part, experts fear students may fall off an educational cliff — missing key academic milestones, falling behind grade level and in some cases dropping out of the educational system altogether.

Postal slowdown threatens election breakdown

In 24 hours, signs of a pre-election postal slowdown have moved from the shadows to the spotlight, with evidence emerging all over the country that this isn't a just a potential threat, but is happening before our eyes.

Why it matters: If you're the Trump administration, and you're in charge of the federal government, remember that a Pew poll published in April found the Postal Service was viewed favorably by 91% of Americans.