Acting Homeland Security Secretary Chad Wolf and President Trump speaks at a briefing in Beverly Hills, California, in February. Photo: Jim Watson/AFP via Getty Images

The U.S. Chamber of Commerce, National Retail Federation and National Association of Manufacturers filed a lawsuit in San Francisco against the Trump administration on Tuesday over federal immigration restrictions.

Driving the news: The suit comes in response to the administration's move to ban entry into the U.S. through the end of this year for foreigners on certain temporary work visas — including high-skilled H-1B visas that are relied on by big U.S. tech companies.

"Our lawsuit seeks to overturn these sweeping and unlawful immigration restrictions that are an unequivocal 'not welcome' sign to the engineers, executives, IT experts, doctors, nurses, and other critical workers who help drive the American economy."
— joint statement by the business groups
  • The business groups said in a statement they took the action against Department of Homeland Security, Acting Homeland Security Secretary Chad Wolf, the State Department and Secretary of State Mike Pompeo because "these restrictions will push investment abroad, inhibit economic growth, and reduce job creation" if left in place.

The big picture, per Axios' Stef Kight: President Trump has leveraged emergency powers and economic concern from the coronavirus to slowly shut down large parts of the immigration system— even as he urges states to reopen.

  • The restrictions that came into effect on June 24 expand on Trump's earlier coronavirus-related immigration ban introduced in late April and also extended through the end of the year.
  • Also impacted by these measures are visas for H-1B spouses, H-2Bs for non-agriculture workers, J-1 exchange visas for short-term workers, and L visas, which allow companies to transfer employees working overseas to U.S. offices.
  • The Trump administration did not immediately return Axios' requests for comment on the lawsuit.

Read the complaint via DocumentCloud:

Editor's note: This article has been updated with new details throughout.

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Scoop: Trump, Pence criticize U.S. Chamber CEO

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President Trump and Vice President Mike Pence criticized the CEO of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce during a phone call Thursday, venting their frustrations over its recent endorsement of nearly two dozen vulnerable House Democratic freshmen, two sources familiar with the call tell Axios.

Why it matters: Trump’s re-election is based largely on the idea that he has been a good steward of the economy, and if one of the largest business groups is seen as opposing him, it could undermine that case.

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The Supreme Court isn't just one of the most pressing issues in the presidential race — the justices may also have to decide parts of the election itself.

Why it matters: Important election-related lawsuits are already making their way to the court. And close results in swing states, with disputes over absentee ballots, set up the potential for another Bush v. Gore scenario, election experts say.