A woman watches the Penn Station departures board after an Amtrak derailment in Philadelphia in May 2015. Photo: Timothy A. Clary / AFP / Getty Images

Bloomberg looked at the looming infrastructure disaster beneath New York's Penn Station — which serves 430,000 people each weekday (more than the major New York airports combined — as the century-old trans-Hudson tunnels have faced continued neglect since they were half-flooded during Hurricane Sandy in 2012.

One potential problem: "If Amtrak and New Jersey Transit have to rely on a single Hudson tunnel, they could operate just six trains an hour, rather than the current 24."

Bloomberg highlights the potential impact, by the numbers:

  • "[T]he trans-Hudson bridges and tunnels available to cars already have punishing rush-hour delays. Imagine the backups, road rage, and pollution if tens of thousands of additional commuters had to use them. Common Good, a bipartisan government-reform organization, estimates that 50,000 more automobiles crossing the Hudson each day would sap productivity by $2.3 billion per year."
  • "The Northeast Corridor Commission, a panel created by Congress in 2008, projects that the U.S. economy would lose $100 million per day—$36.5 billion a year—if the entire train route from Boston to Washington ever shut down."

What they're saying: "There will come a time when the reliability of the tunnels starts to decay. The curve, once it starts, may be fairly sharp. We’ll just have to see. Nobody knows. This is a great science experiment," said Charles “Wick” Moorman, Amtrak co-CEO.

What's next: New York is building a new entrance hall slated for a 2020 opening for Amtrak and Long Island Railroad trains next door. Although that'll help lessen the time spent in Penn Station's subterranean confines, it won't do anything to fix the potential infrastructure nightmare. The Trump administration reneged on an Obama-era agreement between the federal government and New York authorities to split tunnel refurbishment costs, calling the issue "a local project where 9 out of 10 passengers are local transit riders."

Go deeper

Trump commutes Roger Stone's sentence

Roger Stone arriving at his sentencing hearing on Feb. 20. Photo: Drew Angerer/Getty Images

President Trump on Friday evening commuted the sentence of his longtime associate Roger Stone, according to two senior administration officials. Stone in February was sentenced to 40 months in prison for crimes including obstruction, witness tampering and making false statements to Congress.

Why it matters: The controversial move brings an abrupt end to the possibility of Stone spending time behind bars. He had been scheduled to report to prison on July 14.

Updated 7 hours ago - Health

Which states have set single-day coronavirus records this week

Data: COVID Tracking Project and state health department data compiled by Axios; Map: Danielle Alberti and Naema Ahmed/Axios

13 states this week surpassed records set just last week for their highest number of coronavirus infections in a single day, according to the COVID Tracking Project and state health department data. 16 states in total reported new highs.

The big picture: The United States' alarming rise in coronavirus cases isn't just due to increased testing — particularly where the number of cases has grown fastest over the last month, Axios' Andrew Witherspoon and Caitlin Owens report.

Updated 8 hours ago - Politics & Policy

Coronavirus dashboard

Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

  1. Global: Total confirmed cases as of 6:30 p.m. ET: 12,389,660 — Total deaths: 557,279 — Total recoveries — 6,830,596Map.
  2. U.S.: Total confirmed cases as of 6:30 p.m. ET: 3,169,611 — Total deaths: 133,885 — Total recoveries: 983,185 — Total tested: 38,856,341Map.
  3. Public health: The reality of the coronavirus bites.
  4. Trade: Trump says he's no longer considering phase-two trade deal with China because the pandemic damaged the two countries' relationship.
  5. 🎧 Podcast: Rural America has its own coronavirus problem.