Jun 23, 2017

Teen pregnancies are down as contraception use is up

Rich Pedroncelli / AP

Most of the 55% of U.S. teens who have had sex by age 18 use contraceptives, and more than 80% of them used a contraceptive during their first sexual encounter, according to a new study of 4,000 teenagers by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control. Because of this, only 2.2% of teenage girls gave birth in 2015, down from 6.2% in 1991. In fact, the number of teenage pregnancies have steadily fallen since the peak in 1990.

Other facts:

  • Teenage sexual activity has gradually declined since a sharp drop in 2002. 44% percent of males and 42% of females aged 15-19 have had sex, down from 60% and 51% in 1988.
  • 2% of females and 7% of males said they had sex for the first time with someone they just met.
  • 74% of females and 51% of males had sex for the first time with someone they were "going steady" with.

Go deeper

HBCUs are missing from the discussion on venture capital's diversity

Illustration: Eniola Odetunde/Axios

Venture capital is beginning a belated conversation about its dearth of black investors and support of black founders, but hasn't yet turned its attention to the trivial participation of historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) as limited partners in funds.

Why it matters: This increases educational and economic inequality, as the vast majority of VC profits go to limited partners.

Unemployment rate falls to 13.3% in May

Data: Bureau of Labor Statistics; Chart: Axios Visuals

The U.S. unemployment rate fell to 13.3% in May, with 2.5 million jobs gained, the government said on Friday.

Why it matters: The far better-than-expected numbers show a surprising improvement in the job market, which has been devastated by the coronavirus pandemic.

The difficulty of calculating the real unemployment rate

Data: U.S. Department of Labor; Note: Initial traditional state claims from the weeks of May 23 and 30, continuing traditional claims from May 23. Initial PUA claims from May 16, 23, and 30, continuing PUA and other programs from May 16; Chart: Andrew Witherspoon/Axios

The shocking May jobs report — with a decline in the unemployment rate to 13.3% and more than 2 million jobs added — destroyed expectations of a much worse economic picture.

Why it matters: Traditional economic reports have failed to keep up with the devastation of the coronavirus pandemic and have made it nearly impossible for researchers to determine the state of the U.S. labor market or the economy.