South Sudan

Refugee crisis: Chart shows staggering rise of displaced people in the world

Data: UNHCR; Chart: Naema Ahmed/Axios

As of 2017, more people have been forced by violence and conflict to flee their homes than live in the U.K. or France.

Why it matters: That's upwards of 60 million people — a global nation of refugees. If all of these asylum-seekers, internally displaced people and refugees were a country, they'd be the 21st most populous nation in the world, according to UNHCR estimates. More than half of refugees are under the age of 18.

The countries most at risk of humanitarian disaster in 2019

A child drinks water from a well in Nyamlel, South Sudan. Photo: Stefanie Glinski/AFP/Getty Images

The International Rescue Committee has identified Yemen, Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan, Afghanistan and Venezuela as the countries most at risk for major humanitarian crises going into 2019.

The big picture: David Miliband, president and CEO of the IRC, told Axios these countries are the "best evidence of the world's fragility." He says the three main takeaways of the report are that the world's worst humanitarian crises are growing, reaching beyond each country's borders, and not heading for near-term solutions.