Federal taxes

Taxes on the wealthy can't entirely pay for Medicare for All

Medicare card on top of a hundred dollar bill
Photo: ATU Images/Getty Images

Financing full-blown, single-payer Medicare for All — which is estimated to cost roughly $30 trillion over a decade — would require aggressive changes in taxes, spending or borrowing, according to an analysis by the Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget.

Between the lines: "Tax increases on high earners, corporations, and the financial sector by themselves could not cover much more than one-third of the cost of Medicare for All," the report concludes — meaning that the middle class would be forced to shoulder some of the burden.

The overall tax rate for the richest 400 households last year was 23%

Hudson Yards neighborhood in Manhattan.
Hudson Yards neighborhood in Manhattan. Photo: Spencer Platt/Getty Images

The 400 wealthiest Americans last year paid a lower total tax rate for federal, state and local taxes than any other income group for the first time on record, according to the New York Times.

Why it matters: Tax rate for the wealthy has steadily dropped since the 1950s and 1960s, when the wealthy paid vastly higher tax rates than the middle class or poor.