Nov 2, 2019

Study suggests increase in rate of ADHD diagnoses among adults

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Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, known as ADHD, has become more common among U.S. adults, according to a study published in the JAMA Network Open medical journal.

Why it matters: The study reflects in part increasing awareness about ADHD in adulthood among clinicians and patients, Dr. Hanna Stevens, a University of Iowa professor who has previously conducted research on ADHD, told CNN.

  • "A trend we have seen in other research studies is that there is an increase in people seeking psychiatric care generally, which may also reflect a positive trend in reduced stigma to talking [about] psychiatric symptoms and seeking appropriate help for them," Stevens said to CNN.

By the numbers: There was "a 43% increase in the rate of adults being newly diagnosed over the 10-year period" from 2007 to 2016, the study's senior author Dr. Michael Milham told CNN.

  • The number of diagnoses rose from 9.43 per every 10,000 people in 2007 to 13.49 per 10,000 people in 2016, according to the study.
  • Prevalence of the disorder among adults increased from 0.43% in 2007 to 0.96% in 2016.

Yes, but: The study's limitations include that it only included adults seeking care within Kaiser Permanente North California, CNN reports.

  • The study falls short in "understanding of ADHD in patients who are not a part of a health system such as Kaiser Permanente, which includes very low income individuals," Stevens told CNN.

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Gun violence survivors experience increased risk of mental harm

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Many survivors of gun violence are prone to post-traumatic stress disorder, increased alcohol and drug abuse, and unemployment up to years after their physical wounds heal and even when the injuries are minor, a JAMA study released on Wednesday illustrates.

Why it matters: Far more people in the U.S. survive gunshot wounds than those who are killed by firearm injuries.

Go deeperArrowNov 20, 2019

Smoking cigarettes in the U.S. hits all-time low

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Cigarette smoking among U.S. adults reached an all-time low in 2018 at nearly 14%, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported on Thursday, a decline of roughly 66% over the last 50 years.

Between the lines: Smoking cigarettes remains deadlier than vaping despite a spotlight on the 2,000-plus cases and dozens of deaths associated with e-cigarette lung injuries this year. More than 34 million adults continue to smoke, and millions more use other tobacco products, per the study.

Go deeperArrowNov 14, 2019

Study suggests high deductibles hurt diabetes patients

Supplies to maintain blood sugar levels. Photo: Joan Slatkin/Education Images/Universal Images Group via Getty Images

Switching to a high-deductible health plan has an impact on diabetes patients' adherence to their medication — but only if they're taking brand-name anti-diabetic drugs, a new study in JAMA Network Open found.

Why it matters: This is further evidence that putting people on the hook for too much of their health care costs can have adverse health effects if they then can't afford their care.

Go deeperArrowNov 4, 2019