A new study says it's the culture of certain forms of online media, not the platforms that distribute news stories, that are to blame for fake news.

Columbia Journalism Review surveyed over 1.25 million stories between April 1 and Election Day and found that pro-Trump audiences paid the most attention to polarized outlets, meaning they were more at risk for encountering fake news. CJR argues this wouldn't exist if the same technology available to both sides was used the same way, and says that the media networks on the right are to blame for the modern culture of sharing misinformation that allows public officials to get away with communicating falsehoods to the public.

Why it matters: CJR's study confirms that the culture of misinformation was made possible by technology, but was propagated widely by right-wing media strategy to use social media over traditional outlets, to communicate with constituents. Other studies, like this one from Pew, this one from BuzzFeed, and a custom study created for Axios by Chartbeat, find that right-wing officials, and media, are savvy in using social media distribution to elevate messaging to likeminded audiences.

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Robert Mueller speaks out on Roger Stone commutation

Former Special Counsel Robert Mueller testifies before the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence on Capitol Hill on Wednesday July 24, 2019. Photo: The Washington Post / Contributor

Former special counsel Robert Mueller responded to claims from President Trump and his allies that Roger Stone was a "victim" in the Justice Department's investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 election, writing in a Washington Post op-ed published Saturday: "He remains a convicted felon, and rightly so."

Why it matters: The rare public comments by Mueller come on the heels of President Trump's move to commute the sentence of his longtime associate, who was sentenced in February to 40 months in prison for crimes stemming from the Russia investigation. The controversial decision brought an abrupt end to the possibility of Stone spending time behind bars.

Trump dons face mask during Walter Reed visit

Trump wearing a face mask in Walter Reed National Military Medical Center on July 11. Photo: Alex Edelman/AFP via Getty Images

President Trump wore a face mask during his Saturday visit to Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, according to AP.

Why it matters: This is the first known occasion the president has appeared publicly with a facial covering as recommended by health officials since the coronavirus pandemic began, AP writes.

Updated 7 hours ago - Politics & Policy

Coronavirus dashboard

Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

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