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Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

Two new AI models out this week show the power of artificial intelligence to read text, write it — and even convert it into computer code.

Why it matters: Natural language processing (NLP) is one of the most exciting areas in AI research, with major implications for how we'll communicate and work in the years ahead.

  • But it also opens the door to a future in which you'll be able to "talk to your computer and get it to do what you're asking in a capable, reliable way," notes Greg Brockman, a co-founder and chief technology officer of OpenAI.

Driving the news: On Wednesday morning, the Israeli startup AI21 Labs is releasing a line of language-generating AI models called Jurassic.

  • With 178 billion parameters — the values that a neural network tries to optimize during training — Jurassic-1 Jumbo is the largest such model in the world, slightly bigger than OpenAI's GPT-3, which was released last summer.
  • The models will power AI21 Studios, which aims to provide NLP as a service for businesses. Developers will be able to sign up for free to try the service, and can then apply for access to custom models for commercial aims "to use our technology to quickly build any text-based applications they can dream up," says Dan Padnos, VP of platform at AI21.

How it works: Like other large language models, including GPT-3, the AI21 models have been trained on massive amounts of text, which enables the system to learn the statistical relationships between words and use that to read text prompts from users and write text in response.

  • The AI21 models, however, aim to provide a more customizable and user-friendly interface, highlighting specific functions, including headline writing, summarization, even an app to dejargonize language.
AI21 Studios dejargonizer function in action. Credit: AI21 Labs
  • During an online demo, Padnos fed a number of stories from the Axios What's Next newsletter into the model, which was then able to produce a one-line summary — or what we here call "the bottom line."
  • It wasn't quite good enough to put me out of a job, but it was good enough to make me worry about that future possibility.

Situational awareness: On Tuesday, OpenAI itself released Codex, an updated descendant of its GPT-3 model, for a private developer beta test.

  • Codex was trained on both huge amounts of text and billions of lines of publicly available computer code.
  • Users can issue commands in written English, and Codex will produce computer code capable of carrying out those instructions, essentially making it an English to computer code translator.

What they're saying: Codex — which in action can feel like you're talking to a computer, "Star Trek"-style — can "remove the barriers of entry" for ordinary people to code and move us toward a future "where the entire world is programmable," says Brockman.

By the numbers: According to one estimate, the global market for NLP is projected to grow from roughly $21 billion in 2021 to over $127 billion in 2028.

  • When you consider just how much of business revolves around the analysis and production of language, that might be conservative.
  • "We're just at the beginning of where adoption will end up with these tools," says Henrik Roth, a co-founder and CMO of the marketing company neuroflash, which has experimented with GPT-3.

The catch: The models still make errors, have problems with bias and struggle with longer strings of text or code.

  • They could also be employed by malign actors — for example, to soup up a disinformation campaign — although both OpenAI and AI23 say they'll control access to prevent misuse.

The bottom line: Let's give AI21's Jurassic-1 Jumbo a chance by inputting this story into the model:

  • "Wednesday's release of Jurassic-1 Jumbo and Tuesday's release of Codex are the latest examples of AI's rapid progress, but they're still a long way from being perfect," the model wrote.
  • Not bad — and maybe on the part of the AI, a bit of a humblebrag.

Go deeper

Bryan Walsh, author of Future
Aug 10, 2021 - Technology

OpenAI's Codex turns written language into computer code

Illustration: Shoshana Gordon/Axios

A new AI system can read written instructions in conversational language and transform it into working computer code.

Why it matters: The model is the latest example of progress in natural language processing, the ability of AIs to read and write text.

Hollywood union reaches deal with studios to avert strike

Photo: AaronP/Bauer-Griffin/GC Images

A Hollywood workers' union reached a tentative deal with studios, networks and streamers that will guarantee better working conditions, meal breaks and increased wages for low-paid workers, the International Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employees (IATSE) announced Saturday night.

Why it matters: The deal, which still needs to be ratified by IATSE members, will avert a nationwide strike by film and television workers that was set to start Monday. It would have been the first strike in the union's 128-year history.

Bill Clinton released from hospital following treatment for non-COVID infection

Photo: Tasos Katopodis/Getty Images/Bloomberg via Getty Images

Former President Bill Clinton was discharged from the University of California, Irvine Medical Center on Sunday, nearly a week after he was admitted for a non-COVID-related infection, according to his spokesperson Angel Ureña.

What they're saying: "His fever and white blood cell count are normalized and he will return home to New York to finish his course of antibiotics," wrote Dr. Alpesh Amin, who has been overseeing the team of doctors treating Clinton. "On behalf of everyone at UC Irvine Medical Center, we were honored to have treated him and will continue to monitor his progress."

Worth noting: Clinton had a urinary tract infection that spread to his bloodstream, per CNN.

  • The California-based medical team had been administering IV antibiotics and fluids, and was in constant communication with Clinton's New York team, including his cardiologist, according to the former president's physicians.
  • President Biden spoke by phone with Clinton on Friday to see how he was doing, and the catch-up included a discussion of recent politics.