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Richard Drew / AP

A new study found 1 in 5 cancers diagnosed in the U.S. is a rare cancer. The details:

  • For people 20 years or younger, two out of three cancers diagnosed are rare.
  • More Hispanic (24%) and Asian/Pacific Islander (22%) patients are diagnosed with rare cancers compared with non-Hispanic blacks (20%) and non-Hispanic whites (19%).
  • The five-year survival rate for rare cancers is poorer than that for common cancers in both males (55% vs. 75%) and females (60% vs. 74%) due to delays in diagnosis and fewer treatment options.

The definition: In the study, a "rare cancer" is defined as one diagnosed with fewer than six cases per 100,000 individuals per year. (There is no universally adopted definition of rare cancer; for instance, the National Cancer Institute defines rare cancers as fewer than 15 cases per 100,000 people per year.) The study examined incidence rates, stage at diagnosis, and survival rates for 181 rare cancers.

Some good news: The five-year relative survival rate is substantially higher (82%) for people younger than 20 diagnosed with a rare cancer than for adults aged 65-79 years (46%). But that's just one measure of cancer patients' health — childhood cancer survivors in particular can experience life-long health effects.

What's next: The proportion of rare cancers is likely to grow because molecular techniques are finding more differences and therefore more classifications of cancers. "Continued efforts are needed to develop interventions for prevention, early detection, and treatment to reduce the burden of rare cancers. Such discoveries can often advance knowledge for all cancers."

Go deeper

48 mins ago - Health

India crosses 1 billion COVID vaccinations milestone

A health worker inoculates a COVID-19 vaccine dose to a man wearing face mask of Prime Minister Narendra Modi in Beawar, India, in September. Photo: Sumit Saraswat/Pacific Press/LightRocket via Getty Images

India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced Thursday that the country's health workers have now administered more than 1 billion COVID-19 vaccines doses.

Of note: While this is a significant milestone for the country of 1.4 billion, which has been devastated by the coronavirus, only about 30% of the eligible population has been fully vaccinated against the virus, per AP. Roughly 75% has received at least one dose.

Trump says he plans to launch new social media network in 2022

Photo: Chris Delmas/AFP via Getty Images

Former President Trump on Wednesday announced plans to launch a social media network called "Truth Social," and that it would go public via a SPAC.

Why it matters: Most ex-presidents are focused on their legacies, by creating presidential libraries or engaging in philanthropic endeavors. Trump, however, remains consumed by social media.

Beauty giant Coty Cosmetics looking to sell its own branded products

Coty Cosmetics CEO Sue Nabi. Photo: Axios on HBO

Coty Cosmetics CEO Sue Nabi tells Axios the beauty giant will “probably” introduce Coty-branded products one day.

Why it matters: Coty produces some of the world’s most popular fragrances, skin care products and color cosmetics on behalf of other well-known brands, but has shied away from producing its own branded products.