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Kim Jong-un is displayed on a giant screen during a concert on the eve of the 80th anniversary of the founding of the North Korean army in Pyongyang. Photo: Ng Han Guan / AP

A former high-ranking North Korean diplomat and defector, Thae Yong-ho, said today that "Kim Jong-un is not fully aware of the strength and might of American military power." He was testifying before the House Foreign Affairs Committee about Kim's thoughts on ballistic missiles and how best to deal with the regime.

Why it matters: "Because of this misunderstanding Kim Jong-un genuinely believes he can break the sanctions regime apart," once he can convince the U.S. to accept North Korea's nuclear program, Thae said. But he emphasized that military force cannot be the first answer to the security dilemma on the Korean peninsula and said that "it is necessary to reconsider whether we have tried all non-military options…before we decide [a] military [option]…is all that is left."

Kim Jong-un thinks he can maintain regional influence "by being able to credibly threaten the United States with nuclear weapons," per Thae.

Two questions lawmakers are asking:

  1. What should the U.S. be pressing Beijing on with regards to North Korea? The short answer from Thae: Allowing defectors to stay or go to South Korea and not sending North Koreans back to the North.
  2. Would Kim Jong-un accept a freeze of the nuclear program? Thae expressed that there is likely nothing that the U.S. has that North Korea would want enough to stop its nuclear program.

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Empty vials that contained a dose of the Johnson & Johnson vaccine against the COVID-19. Photo: Phill Magakoe/AFP via Getty Images

President Biden will announce Tuesday that pharmaceutical giant Merck will help Johnson & Johnson manufacture its newly authorized coronavirus vaccine to boost supply, a senior administration official tells Axios.

The big picture: The development has the potential to vastly increase supply, possibly doubling what the J&J could make on its own, the official said. The company has run into challenges while trying to expand its vaccine production to a global scale.

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Why it matters: The International Energy Agency warned that clean energy efforts are falling short.