Oct 7, 2019

3 scientists earn Nobel Prize in medicine for studying how cells react to oxygen

The Nobel Committee announces the winners of the 2019 Nobel Prize in medicine. Photo: Johnathan Nockstrand/AFP/Getty Images

3 scientists — 2 American, 1 British — won the 2019 Nobel Prize in medicine for studying how cells sense and react to varying oxygen levels, per AP.

Why it matters: The Nobel Committee said the scientists' work has "greatly expanded our knowledge of how physiological response makes life possible" and kickstarted new strategies to fight anemia, cancer and other diseases.

Flashback: Cancer immunotherapy researchers win Nobel Prize in medicine

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MIT, Harvard professors win Nobel Prize in Economics for research on poverty

Photo by Jonathan Nickstrand/AFP/Getty Images

Three professors who studied ways to alleviate poverty won the Nobel Prize in Economic Science on Monday, the AP reports.

Why it matters: With their research, Abhijit Banerjee and Esther Duflo, both of MIT, and Michael Kremer of Harvard introduced a new approach to addressing global poverty by dividing the issue into more manageable questions. Duflo, 46, is the youngest person and 2nd woman ever to receive a Nobel Prize in Economics.

Go deeper: Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed wins Nobel Peace Prize

Keep ReadingArrowOct 14, 2019

3 scientists win Nobel Prize in Chemistry for work on lithium-ion batteries

Photo: Naina Helen Jama/TT News Agency/AFP via Getty Images

3 scientists received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their work on lightweight lithium-ion batteries on Wednesday.

Why it matters: "Lithium-ion batteries have revolutionized our lives since they first entered the market in 1991. They have laid the foundation of a wireless, fossil fuel-free society, and are of the greatest benefit to humankind," states the award announcement.

Go deeperArrowOct 9, 2019

3 scientists win Nobel Prize in physics for work with exoplanets, cosmology

Members of the Nobel Commitee announce the 2019 Nobel Prize in physics. Photo: Jonathan Nackstrand/AFP/Getty Images

Three scientists were awarded the 2019 Nobel Prize in physics on Tuesday for their work to understand the universe on a grand scale.

Why it matters: The discoveries made by these laureates have changed the way scientists understand planets outside our solar system and the evolution of the cosmos.

Go deeperArrowOct 8, 2019