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3 scientists received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their work on lightweight lithium-ion batteries on Wednesday.
Why it matters: "Lithium-ion batteries have revolutionized our lives since they first entered the market in 1991. They have laid the foundation of a wireless, fossil fuel-free society, and are of the greatest benefit to humankind," states the award announcement.
- M. Stanley Whittingham of the State University of New York at Binghamton first developed the technology in the 1970s, and his work resulted in the first functional lithium battery.
- John B. Goodenough of the University of Texas at Austin "doubled" the battery's potential and helped make it more powerful.
- Akira Yoshino of Japan's Meijo University eliminated the lithium in the battery to make it safer for more practical use.