Welcome back to Axios World. We've got a global assortment of 1,374 words (5 minutes) for your reading pleasure.
Xi Jinping (R) awards the Medal of the Republic to Li Yannian for combat bravery. Photo: Sheng Jiapeng/China News Service/VCG via Getty Images
Ceremonies will begin shortly in Beijing (7am local time, 8pm EST) to mark the 70th anniversary of communist China — a showcase intended to underline the power of the country, the party and President Xi Jinping.
What to watch: The stage-managed parade will involve some 300,000 participants and an exhibition of military might, including 15,000 soldiers, 160 aircraft, and weapons that have never before been displayed publicly.
Flashback: “National Day commemorates Oct. 1, 1949, when Mao appeared on the same balcony on the Gate of Heavenly Peace that Mr. Xi will on Tuesday and proclaimed the formation of the People’s Republic of China,” per the NYT.
Police in the semi-autonomous city say they’re bracing for a “violent attack,” per Reuters.
The big picture: Over the past 70 years, China has progressed from a weak and impoverished nation to one that has seen millions rise from poverty and rivals the U.S. for global influence. Under Xi, it has risen while pioneering new modes of control and repression.
Illustration: Lazaro Gamio/Axios
President Trump’s decision to release a partial transcript of the July call in which he asked Ukraine’s Volodomyr Zelensky to investigate Joe Biden has set a precedent his administration may find difficult to contain, and future presidents will be forced to reckon with.
Why it matters: Before Trump’s unusual step, top U.S. officials insisted releasing the transcript would harm future presidential communications. That concern isn’t limited to Trump’s lieutenants.
Driving the news:
The big picture: Nicholas Burns, a former undersecretary of state in the Bush administration, says every administration attempts to keep calls with foreign leaders confidential because “you want to preserve the ability to work with these people and you don’t want to embarrass them.”
Trump and the gang at the 2017 G7 summit. Photo: Mandel Ngan/AFP/Getty Images
Gérard Araud, who served as the French ambassador to the U.S. until April, says seasoned world leaders were already far more cautious in their phone calls with Trump than Zelensky, who embarrassingly saw his criticism of German Chancellor Angela Merkel and flattery of Trump exposed in the transcript.
Flashback: Araud says that ahead of the 2017 G7 summit in Italy — the first after Trump’s election — members of the U.S. team arrived with tips for foreign governments on "how to handle Trump."
“They were telling us, ‘don’t be patronizing. Don’t look as though you are explaining things to him. Don’t forget to flatter him.’”
About half of the world's militaries are now flying drones, Axios' Kaveh Waddell reports based on a sweeping new study on the swift spread of a critical technology that until recently was too expensive or sophisticated for most countries.
Why it matters: The increasingly robot-crowded skies mean that clashes involving drones — like the recent attack on a Saudi oil facility that the U.S. has blamed on Iran — are likely to become commonplace.
What to watch: Despite the explosion of new players, the U.S., China and Israel still have the most sophisticated drone operations, study author Dan Gettinger tells Axios. But new leaders, like Turkey and Russia, are emerging.
John Bolton in Singapore in 2018 for the Trump-Kim summit. Photo: Saul Loeb/AFP/Getty Images
1. The 1st anniversary of Jamal Khashoggi's assassination arrives Wednesday in the midst of a PR offensive from Saudi Arabia.
2. John Bolton made clear Monday how deeply he disagrees with Trump's North Korea policy — just 20 days after he was ousted as national security adviser.
3. Sebastian Kurz's center-right Austrian People’s Party won a big mandate in Sunday's election, putting him on course to regain power just months after his government collapsed.
For sale: 2015 Ferrari, lightly laundered. Photo: Fabrice Coffrini/AFP/Getty Images
Our condolences to Teodorin Nguema Obiang, Equatorial Guinea's vice president and heir apparent to his long-ruling father, on having to forfeit 25 of his favorite cars (along with a yacht) to resolve a Swiss investigation into misuse of public funds.
A ceremony in Addis Ababa to mark Meskel, a holiday for the Ethiopian Orthodox Church. Photo: Michael Tewelde/AFP/Getty Images
"We have been clear: We will not tolerate foreign interference in our elections."— Mike Pompeo today, in a statement that comes after President Trump reportedly excused Russia's meddling in private and asked Ukraine to investigate his likely in 2020 rival.