Welcome back to Axios World. We're flying around the world this evening in 1,642 words (~ 6 minutes). This is our lucky 127th edition.
Riot police in Hong Kong. Photo: Laurel Chor/Getty Images
Emboldened pro-democracy movements are testing China’s Xi Jinping and Russia’s Vladimir Putin.
The big picture: Beijing and Moscow have repeatedly horrified the world, but never one another, with their treatment of dissidents and protestors.
The latest from Hong Kong, where protests that began over a controversial extradition bill have expanded in scope and raged for 3 months:
The latest from Moscow, where opposition leader Alexei Navalny says he fears an “allergic reaction” suffered in jail may have been the result of poisoning:
A second round of protests in Moscow was violently dispersed on Saturday. “Officers clad in riot gear used batons against demonstrators,” some of whom had been chanting slogans such as "Russia without Putin,” Radio Free Europe reports. There were at least 80 injuries and 1,373 arrests.
Worth noting: One of the many fronts on which Navalny has irritated the Kremlin is his criticism of its embrace of China, a relationship in which Russia is increasingly the junior partner.
Coats on the Colonnade. Photo: Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images
President Trump has picked a fierce loyalist to replace Dan Coats as Director of National Intelligence (DNI).
Behind the scenes: Axios' Jonathan Swan reports Trump was thrilled by Rep. John Ratcliffe's admonishment of former special counsel Robert Mueller last week — but while it certainly helped his chances, the Texan was already the president's radar.
I asked James Clapper, the longest-serving DNI (2010-2017), what he made of Coats' tenure, and Trump's choice of Ratcliffe.
What to watch: Ratcliffe, a 53-year-old former U.S. attorney, has among the most conservative voting records in Congress. He's unlikely to get any Democratic votes, and Republican senators have been far quicker to praise Coats' service than Ratcliffe's nomination.
Deforestation in the Western Amazon. Photo: Carl De Souza/AFP/Getty Images
When Jair Bolsonaro was elected Brazil's president 9 months ago yesterday, there were high hopes he'd clean up corruption and revitalize the economy — and fears he'd endanger the environment and further divide the country.
So how's he doing?
On corruption... Bolsonaro's administration, the Economist reports, "looks nearly as scandal-prone as the one it replaced."
On the economy... the FT notes, "Bolsonaro has achieved two of the biggest breakthroughs in Brazilian policymaking in years, with a new EU-Mercosur trade deal and the likely passage of pension reform in the coming months."
On the environment... Bolsonaro is sticking to his promise to open up the Amazon to new economic ventures, Axios' Ursula Perano writes.
On polarization... Bolsonaro campaigned as a culture warrior, lambasting gay rights and the political Left. He's governed that way too.
1. Guatemala, under severe U.S. pressure, agreed to sign a “safe third country“ agreement that would make migrants who travel through the country ineligible for asylum in the U.S.
2. In northeast Nigeria, more than 60 people were killed Saturday in an attack at a funeral, believed to have been carried out by Boko Haram.
4. The Senate Foreign Relations Committee voted last Thursday to adopt a treaty that would make North Macedonia NATO's 30th member. It now goes to the full Senate. Ari Mittleman, publisher of Balkan Insider, emails:
There are around 12,000 octogenarians in the UAE today. By 2050, according to the UN's latest population prospects assessment, there will be 412,000.
The big picture: The world will have 3x as many people over 80 by 2050, and 2.2x as many over 65 (the overall population will grow by 1.3x).
Why it matters: As my Axios colleagues explored last year in a deep dive (from which I stole the above visual), the world may not have sufficient working-age people to support the elderly.
"If he can do it...." A boy cries while watching the Tour conclude from Zipaquira, 5,000 miles from Paris but home to the champion of cycling's greatest race. Photo: Juan Barreto/AFP/Getty Images
Colombia's Egan Bernal on Sunday became the first Latin American cyclist to win the Tour de France. At 22, he's also the youngest champion in 110 years.
"In his hometown of Zipaquira, hundreds came to the 'Plaza of Hope' to watch the final stage of the Tour in Paris, beamed across a giant screen," per the BBC.
“I feel this is not only my triumph, but the triumph of a whole country ... It’s a great honor to think that I’m the one achieving this. My dad couldn’t talk at first, but when he managed, he congratulated me. He was about to cry. For us, it’s a dream. We used to watch the Tour on TV and we thought it was something unreachable."— Egan Bernal, The Washington Post via NBC
The flipside: It looked for a time like France would have its first winner in 34 years. Then one contender got hurt and another struggled toward the end of the tour, which unfolds over 3 grueling weeks.
Flashback: The first Tour de France was held in July, 1903.
More, via History:
A scene from a triathalon yesterday in Whistler, Canada. Photo: Tom Pennington/Getty Images for IRONMAN
“What we’ve lived in five months, the Arab world hasn’t seen in 40 years. We’ve removed a president without exiling him, without imprisoning him and without killing him. ... And nobody has been killed. There’s nothing similar in the Arab world.”— Abdelaziz Rahabi, an Algerian former government minister, to the NY Times
Thanks for stopping by — see you Thursday evening.