Welcome back to Axios World. We'll take you around the world tonight in 1,539 words (6 minutes).
An Indian paramilitary trooper on an empty street in Srinagar. Photo: Yawar Nazir/ Getty Images
Two weeks after India announced major constitutional changes in Kashmir, a communications blackout continues, political leaders remain locked up, and the unrest India feared when announcing the drastic steps is still threatening to break loose.
The big picture: Jammu and Kashmir, India’s only majority-Muslim state, has seen decades of violence and separatist tensions.
The latest: Indian officials had previewed a return to normalcy, with schools and businesses set to reopen today. But just 1 of 1,000 pupils turned up today at a school visited by Fayaz Bukhari and Devjyot Ghoshal of Reuters.
Though “violence has been mostly restricted to dozens of stone-throwing incidents,” Kashmiris are “anxious and enraged by the situation,” Fahad Shah reports for the Atlantic:
While many locals believe the constitutional changes are motivated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi's Hindu nationalist politics, India claims they're designed to promote development.
What to watch: Kugelman notes that as India eases its restrictions, and the fury many feel spills out into the streets, an "escalatory cycle of violence" could result.
Imran Khan with Trump in the Oval Office. Photo: Mark Wilson/Getty Images
Pakistan, India’s fierce rival, has been attempting to rally international condemnation of India’s moves in Kashmir, which it also claims and partially controls.
What they're saying: Prime Minister Imran Khan has repeatedly compared India’s ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) to the Nazis and warned without evidence of an “impending genocide” in Kashmir.
I asked Asad Majeed Khan, Pakistan’s ambassador to Washington, to clarify those warnings in an interview on Friday.
I asked the ambassador whether Prime Minister Khan's warning about "appeasement of fascism" from the international community applies to the U.S., which has been notably quiet over the crackdown.
Between the lines: Kugelman says Pakistan's "image problem" and history of supporting insurgents in Kashmir, combined with the fact that many countries prize relations with India, mean Islamabad will struggle to rally a global response.
Worth noting: The ambassador stressed that the long-uneasy relationship with the U.S. is moving in a positive direction after the prime minister's visit to Washington.
Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios
President Trump has suggested to national security officials that the U.S. should station Navy ships along the Venezuelan coastline to prevent goods from coming in and out of the country, Axios’ Jonathan Swan reports.
The big picture: Juan Cruz, who served as the National Security Council’s Western Hemisphere affairs director earlier in the Trump administration, said on a recent episode of the "Intelligence Matters" podcast that Venezuela's security will remain perilous if and when Maduro falls.
Bashir behind bars. Photo: Ebrahim Hamid/AFP/Getty Images
1. The military council that has ruled Sudan since Omar al-Bashir was toppled in April finalized a power-sharing deal with the opposition, at long last.
2. Twitter announced Monday that it would no longer accept advertising from "state-controlled news media entities" after finding that more than 900 accounts originating from inside China have been part of a coordinated effort to undermine political protests in Hong Kong, Axios' Ursula Perano writes.
3. The Islamic State claimed responsibility for Saturday's suicide bombing at a Kabul wedding party, which killed at least 63 people and wounded 182 others.
Xi (L) in 2007, shortly before he became president-in-waiting. Photo: Mark Ralston/AFP/Getty Images
Xi Jinping, Richard McGregor writes in a Foreign Affairs profile, has governed China since 2012 as a "crisis manager" — charging ahead with brutal efficiency and ensuring that while he's accumulated many enemies, he has no rivals for power.
What to watch: "There is good reason to think that Xi’s overreach will come back to haunt him before the next party congress, in late 2022, especially if the Chinese economy struggles."
Pompeo during a Benghazi hearing, in 2012. Photo: Bill Clark/CQ Roll Call
Among the things I learned from Susan Glasser's profile of Mike Pompeo, out today from the New Yorker:
The big picture: Glasser portrays Pompeo as a sharp-elbowed operator with talents for navigating corridors of power and staying on the right side of the president.
Looking out on the world, in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Photo: Fikret Kavgali/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images
“I’m afraid people have been listening to that superstitious mumbo jumbo on the internet."— Prime Minister Boris Johnson, on why the U.K. plans to pressure social media companies to block misinformation on vaccines