Welcome to Axios World, where two evenings a week we break down what you need to know about the big stories from around the globe.
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Behind the global furor over America’s “zero tolerance” immigration policy are tens of thousands of adults and children — most of them from Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras — who have risked extortion and sexual violence along the journey, and now separation from their families upon arrival. So why take those risks to reach the U.S.?
The big picture: This is not just a U.S. immigration crisis — it’s a Central American refugee crisis that started around 2013 and has continued to this day. In these countries, fear is often the primary motivator, rather than economic incentives.
What it looks like: A Salvadoran woman waiting in Tijuana with her husband and three children, one of whom is just ten months old, told El Pais that the family fled after she was repeatedly threatened by a gang member who had become obsessed with her. She said the child separation policy “hasn’t changed my mind” about trying to cross into the U.S. and seek asylum.
“If my children can stay there, I have hope that I will be able to see them again. In my country, the only thing that awaits me is death.”
Worth noting: Trump's wasn't the only immigration policy causing global concern this week. Italy's interior minister proposed a registry of Roma people, and the expulsion of those who lack citizenship, while Hungary's parliament passed a series of laws banning citizens and NGOs from helping undocumented immigrants seek asylum.
Worshippers at a mosque in Somalia, where 98% of people said religion was very important to them. Photo: Minasse Wondimu Hailu/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images
Some takeaways from Pew's recent study on religion around the world:
Thousands of supporters gathered to listen to opposition politician Muharrem Ince. Photo: Emre Tazegul/AFP/Getty
Opinion polls suggest a tight race in Sunday’s Turkish elections, when President Recep Tayyip Erdogan faces off against two opposition candidates. A runoff is likely, and the stakes are high: The winner will enter office with expanded presidential powers.
Soner Cagaptay, a Washington Institute for Near East Policy fellow and author of "The New Sultan," writes for Axios Expert Voices that the bad news for Turkey is that the Erdogan miracle is over — and the worse news is that there seems to be no escape from him.
The bottom line: Erdogan is not likely to take recent political indicators as a warning sign to change course. In fact, he will probably become even more authoritarian, knowing that a majority of his citizens no longer support him and that when left to true democratic devices, Turkish society will vote him out.
Chinese workers and businesses are bracing for impact in the escalating trade war with the U.S., but they don’t tend to blame President Trump, according to David Rennie, the Economist’s Beijing bureau chief.
“Partly because they get their information from very, very strictly controlled Chinese state media, there isn’t a kind of anti-Trump wave that you see in so many other countries. The idea that an election in a place like America could change everything — that an insurgent outsider who kind of speaks to the interests of one part of the country, or one class of voter, could overthrow everything, could be a kind of revolutionary figure — that is very alien to the way that China likes to present politics.”— Rennie on the Money Talks podcast
P.S. Headline of the day, from Quartz India: "Xi sells Seychelles by India’s seashore as Modi’s foreign policy drowns."
Over the past few weeks, half a dozen countries around the world have seen their currencies collapse in the worst self-off in more than 5 years.
Argentina’s peso has shed more than 10% against the dollar in the last week, while Turkey’s lira had plunged 30% before the government reluctantly moved to let the central bank stop the bleeding. Brazil, already mired in economic and political crises, has also taken it lumps.
Our friends at Eurasia Group's GZERO Media explain why in the latest Signal newsletter:
What to watch: Against this backdrop, major elections loom in Turkey, Pakistan, Mexico and Brazil. In Mexico, an anti-establishment frontrunner could upend decades of economic policy. In the others, uncertainty about the electoral outcome itself is the story. On the far side of votes that will themselves be shaped by tougher economic times, politics may yet make things worse.
Children at a UN camp for internally displaced persons. Photo: Ashraf ShazlyAFP/Getty Images
Nearly five years into a civil war, the leaders of two warring factions in South Sudan held rare peace talks this week in Ethiopia. The BBC's Emmanuel Igunza reports that those talks have collapsed.
Background: South Sudan is the world's youngest country. Less than three years after independence, a power struggle between President Salva Kiir and his deputy, Riek Machar, erupted into a civil war that has seen both sides accused of horrific abuses and over a quarter of the population displaced.
Go deeper: BBC report from inside South Sudan.
Messi reacts to the loss. Photo: Martin Bernetti/AFP/Getty Images
Tomorrow's matches (ET): Brazil vs. Costa Rica (8am), Nigeria vs. Iceland (11am), Serbia vs. Switzerland (2am).
Happy summer! Thousands gather to celebrate the summer solstice as Stonehenge. Photo: Kiran Ridley/Barcroft Media via Getty Images
"New Zealanders took the news of Jacinda's pregnancy in their stride. This is a sign of our maturity as a country and its acceptance that combining career and family is a choice which women are free to make."— Former prime minister Helen Clark on current prime minister Jacinda Ardern becoming the second world leader to give birth while in office
Thanks for reading — see you Monday evening!