Welcome to Axios World, where two evenings a week we break down the big stories from around the globe.
We begin this evening with an important report from Axios fellow Phanindra Dahal, who leaves us tomorrow to return to the BBC in Kathmandu.
Nepali men line up to receive official documents allowing them to go overseas to work. Photo: Prakash Mathema/AFP/Getty Images
Hundreds of thousands of migrant workers hoping to escape poverty and provide for their families depart South Asia every year for the Gulf.
The reality: Promises tend to evaporate when they arrive in the Middle East. Many find themselves working in exploitative and dangerous conditions — and unable to return home.
Hemraj Damai, 33, is a typical case. He moved to Qatar in 2018 after paying a recruitment agent around $900 — 10 times the fee stipulated by the Nepali government. A low caste Dalit from the plains of southern Nepal, he was promised a cleaning job in Doha with a monthly wage of $324.
The big picture: Remittances are a lifeline for low- and middle-income countries like Nepal. Of the $689 billion disbursed worldwide in 2018, $529 billion went to developing countries, according to the World Bank.
Angela Sherwood, who researches labor rights for Nepali migrant workers for Amnesty International, tells Axios that exploitation often starts at the very beginning of the journey.
More than 7,000 Nepali workers died overseas in the last 10 years, according to the Nepali government.
The bottom line: Nearly every day, the coffins of dead workers arrive at Nepal’s international airport in Kathmandu. At a crowded departure gate designated specifically for them, workers line up, hoping for a brighter future.
“I have no land and no job here. I need money to afford education for my sons. I have no option other than foreign employment to make my family happy."
Members of Sudan's security forces patrol in the city of Omdurman, near Khartoum. Photo: AFP/Getty Images
How we got here:
The geopolitical picture: Three powerful dictatorships in the region — Egypt, Saudi Arabia and the UAE — have supported the TMC's efforts to consolidate power.
The latest: The African Union today suspended Sudan's membership following an emergency meeting. The bloc said the suspension would last "until the effective establishment of a civilian-led transitional authority."
Press freedom has fallen in 1 in 5 countries over the past 5 years, according to an annual report from Freedom House.
1. Denmark's center-right ruling party conceded defeat in yesterday's elections. The center-left Social Democrats are set to take power.
2. The leader of Thailand's military junta, Prayuth Chan-ocha, successfully retained power after manipulating the electoral system such that he was essentially the only possible choice.
4. Mexico is pushing for more time to reach an immigration deal and avert the tariffs Trump has threatened to implement on Monday.
The number of confirmed cases in an Ebola outbreak that began last August in the Democratic Republic of Congo breached 2,000 this week, Axios' Eileen Drage O'Reilly writes.
Military re-enactors in Sannerville, France. Photo: Christopher Furlong/Getty Images
"Today, as we stand together upon this sacred earth, we pledge that our nations will forever be strong and united. We will forever be together. Our people will forever be bold, our hearts will forever be loyal. And our children and their children will forever and always be free."— From Trump's speech today
Muslims offer prayers during Eid al-Fitr, marking the end of Ramadan, at the Taj Mahal in Agra, India. I hope any readers who fasted had magnificent feasts. Photo: Pawan Sharma/AFP/Getty Images
"President Putin is my best friend and colleague."— Chinese President Xi Jinping yesterday in Moscow
Thanks for stopping by — have a lovely weekend.