There's a lot in President Trump's budget that you can ignore. The National Institutes of Health cuts aren't likely to get past the top Republican appropriators. And the extra Medicaid cuts on top of the ones in the House health care bill? As much as $1.6 trillion total (according to Brookings Institution estimates)? Congressional Republicans aren't going for that.
But here's what you should pay attention to:
Medicaid cuts are still happening. As long as the ACA repeal bill is alive, the bill's original set of Medicaid cuts — around $880 billion over 10 years — are still on the table.
Public health cuts are still possible. Even with supporters like Rep. Tom Cole speaking up for them, public health advocates are worried that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention — which faces a $1.3 billion cut — doesn't have as powerful outside advocates as the NIH does.
Agencies will still have to fight for funding. With the CDC cut, and deep reductions planned for the Food and Drug Administration and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, it's going to be hard for anyone to escape a hit.
International family planning is in trouble. That's an area where most anti-abortion Republicans can agree. Melinda Gates said in a statement that the cuts "would lead to more unintended pregnancies, more maternal deaths, and more missed opportunities" for women around the world.
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality is at risk. This has been on the GOP hit list for years, and the Trump budget would eliminate it and merge it with NIH. It survived under President Barack Obama, but it may only have so many lives.