April 14, 2022

Good morning, Vitals readers. Today's newsletter is 885 words or a 3-minute read.

1 big thing: Kids' mental health at risk of becoming America's next culture war

Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios

As more states and school districts move to address children's mental health, some parents and activists are making school-based support programs a political flashpoint, Axios' Caitlin Owens and Alison Snyder report.

Why it matters: The pandemic has created a greater sense of urgency around children's mental health, but statistics have been trending in the wrong direction for years, with sometimes tragic consequences for families and communities.

  • A recent CDC survey found U.S. teenagers are reporting high levels of mental distress, risky health behaviors, economic instability and abuse.

State of play: School-based efforts that have been shown to support kids' mental, social and emotional health are getting pulled into a broader debate about what happens in public school classrooms and guidance counselors' offices.

  • Critics say they put school officials in inappropriate roles and could indoctrinate students in progressive thinking.

Driving the news: High-profile state legislation, like Texas' law equating transgender care as child abuse and Florida's law prohibiting "classroom discussions about sexual orientation or gender identity" before fourth grade have sparked outrage among mental health professionals concerned about their impact on children and families.

  • The reach of such legislation — as well as grassroots campaigns and local school district disputes — goes beyond issues of sexuality and gender identity.
  • Florida's law, for example, requires schools to give parents an opt-out from available mental and physical health services and to notify parents if there's a change in services or monitoring surrounding a student's health and well-being, per the NYT.

Yes, but: Most states are moving in the opposite direction, shoring up school- and community-based mental health care.

  • As of March, at least 22 states had enacted laws that support children's mental health, including a mix of red and blue states, according to the National Academy for State Health Policy.

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2. U.S. COVID cases on the rise again

Change in reported COVID-19 cases per 100k people in the last two weeks
Data: N.Y. Times; Cartogram: Kavya Beheraj/Axios

After two months of plummeting COVID cases across the U.S., the virus is on the rise again, with the northeast accounting for many of the new cases, Axios' Kavya Beheraj and I report.

The big picture: We knew this was coming. Now it's just a matter of seeing how large an impact this surge of the BA.2 subvariant of Omicron has in the U.S.

By the numbers: Nationwide, there were an average of more than 31,500 cases, up 14% from the nearly 28,000 cases reported two weeks ago.

  • Cases are on the rise in 27 states, plus the District of Columbia.
  • The northeast, in particular, is seeing some of the highest case rates, such as New York, which had 25.7 cases per 100,000 people. Officials in New York said Wednesday two new subvariants of BA.2 are circulating there, which may explain why New York has become a hot spot, the New York Times reported.
  • Rhode Island had case rate with 32.1 new cases per 100,000 people.
  • Several Southern states continued reporting drops in cases, including North Carolina which had 1.7 new cases per 100,000 people.

There were about 530 deaths a day, down 24% from the about 700 deaths a day two weeks ago.

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3. Swing voters OK with Philly mask mandate

Illustration: Eniola Odetunde/Axios

Pennsylvania swing voters were largely accepting and, in some cases, enthusiastic about Philadelphia's decision to reinstate its mask mandate — the first for a major American city post-Omicron — Axios' Shane Savitsky writes about the latest Axios Engagious/Schlesinger focus groups.

Why it matters: These voters are still dealing with the impacts of the pandemic, even if COVID isn't their top issue the way it was a few months ago.

What they're saying: One supporter of the city's move, Judy P., 59, said as someone who lives with an immunocompromised person, "I feel it's the only way to keep everybody safe. ... Everybody should be used to it by now. I just don't feel it's that much of a burden anymore."

  • The other side: An opponent, David V., 40, said, "If you want to wear a mask, wear a mask. But don't punish people or shame people who don't want to wear a mask. It's your choice. Do what you want."

Even so: Some public health experts say they disagree with the return of Philly's mask mandate, saying other cities shouldn't follow suit at this moment.

4. The cost of MS

Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios

The economic cost of multiple sclerosis, or MS, was about $85.4 billion in the U.S. in 2019, according to research published Wednesday in the online issue of Neurology.

Driving the news: According to the report, MS has a direct medical cost of $63.3 billion and indirect and non-medical costs of $22.1 billion.

  • Retail prescription medication (54%), clinic administered drugs (12%), medication and administration and outpatient care (9%) were the three largest components of the direct costs.
  • Lost earnings due to premature death, lost productivity and absenteeism were the largest components of indirect costs.
  • Researchers also found the average annual excess medical costs per person with MS were about $65,600.

5. Catch up quick

⚖️ The trial of a doctor accused of killing 14 patients with "excessive" fentanyl doses is underway in Ohio this week. (Washington Post)

👀 Lawmakers on Capitol Hill, as well as a federal watchdog, are starting to take a much harder look at private equity ownership of nursing homes. (KHN)

🧠 Yet another study has come out linking the value of exercise to our brain health. This time, the study suggests cardiovascular health may protect brain volume by keeping insulin and BMI levels low. (Neurology)