Jun 29, 2020

Axios PM

Good afternoon: Today's PM — edited by Justin Green — is 505 words, a 2-minute read.

🎧 "Axios Re:Cap," our new afternoon podcast, is ready for you. Listen here.

💰 At 1:30 p.m. ET tomorrow, Axios' Ina Fried and Dan Primack will host a live virtual event on Black Americans' underrepresentation in venture capital. Register here.

1 big thing: China accused of genocide

Photo: Greg Baker/AFP/Getty Images

The Chinese government is now accused of "demographic genocide" by forcing birth control and sterilizations on minority populations, especially the Uighur Muslims of its Xinjiang region.

  • Why it matters: China's policies in Xinjiang have been considered cultural genocide. A policy of forced sterilization and abortion imposed on minority populations would bring their policies closer to the textbook definition of actual genocide, writes Axios China reporter Bethany Allen-Ebrahimian.

The big picture: China regularly conducts pregnancy checks, forces intrauterine devices, sterilization and even abortion on some of the Xinjiang region's minority women, the AP reports in a non-bylined global investigation.

Key allegations, rounded up by Axios' Fadel Allassan:

  • Officials reportedly use the threat of detention to force minorities to comply with the population control measures, while some of the country's Han majority are urged to have more children.
  • Police officers raid homes for hidden children, and parents who are found to have three or more children are taken to detention camps unless they can pay large fines, according to AP.
  • Inside the detention camps, IUDs are forced on some women, along with what appear to be pregnancy prevention shots, former detainees told AP.

The bottom line: China denies the AP report as "fake news," but read the numbers yourself:

  • About 60% more IUDs were inserted in Xinjiang in 2018 vs. 2014, according to new research by China scholar Adrian Zenz.
  • In the rest of China, the use of IUDs dropped significantly.
  • Birth rates fell by 24% last year alone in Xinjiang, compared to 4.2% nationwide.
2. Pic du jour
Photo: Alex Wong/Getty Images

Two big news items today from the Supreme Court:

  1. Struck down abortion restrictions in Louisiana, a sign that even if the court's newly expanded conservative majority wants to chip away at abortion rights, it will likely do so incrementally. Go deeper.
  2. Made it easier for future presidents to fire the heads of a consumer watchdog agency. The court ruled that the structure of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau is unconstitutional, but that it can keep operating under new rules. Go deeper.
3. Catch up quick
  1. Ina Fried scoops: Microsoft suspended its advertising on Facebook and Instagram in the U.S. in May and recently expanded that to a global pause. Go deeper.
  2. Reddit will ban its controversial subreddit channel r/The_Donald, a long-standing hub of support for Trump, along with 2,000 other subreddit groups and users. Go deeper.
  3. India's ban hits TikTok: The Indian government will ban 59 apps developed by Chinese firms, citing national security and privacy concerns. Go deeper.
  4. Masks on: Jacksonville, Florida — where Trump will give his 2020 GOP convention speech in August — is mandating masks indoors. Go deeper.
4. 1 helpful thing: "Tip of the Cap" to baseball pioneers
Michael Jordan tips his cap. Photo: @TipYourCap2020

Four former presidents and a host of civil rights leaders, entertainers and sports greats are tipping their caps in a virtual salute to the 100th anniversary of the founding of baseball's Negro Leagues, AP's Jim Litke writes.

  • The campaign includes photos and videos from Hank Aaron, Rachel Robinson, Derek Jeter, and former Presidents Barack Obama, George W. Bush, Bill Clinton and Jimmy Carter.

On the receiving end of those tributes are many of the Negro Leagues' greatest alumni: Satchel Paige, Josh Gibson, "Cool Papa" Bell and Jackie Robinson, who began with the Kansas City Monarchs and went on to break the color barrier in the major leagues with the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1947.

Gen. Colin Powell tips his cap. Photo: @TipYourCap2020