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Good afternoon: Today's PM — edited by Justin Green — is 473 words, a 2-minute read.

🚨Situational awareness: The FDA announced it will ban fruit and mint-flavored vaping cartridges, but with exemptions for tobacco and menthol. Go deeper.

1 big thing: America's baby bust

There are 1.1 million fewer children living in the U.S. today than at the start of the last decade, Axios' Stef Kight reports.

Why it matters: Even after a numerical decline in the 1970s, children still made up 28% of the total 1980 population. In 2019, kids only made up 22% of the total population.

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Data: Brookings Institution analysis of Census Bureau estimates released Dec 30. Map: Danielle Alberti/Axios

The big picture: While the child population decreased, the adult population grew by 8.8% in the 2010s, according to an analysis of Census data by Brookings’ William Frey. The child population had grown the previous three decades.

Between the lines: The child population also plummeted in the 1970s — when members of Generation X were kids — after the much larger boomer generation aged into adulthood. But the child population steadily rose from there until the 2010s.

  • "This isn't the first decade of child population decline. But it ushers in a period when adult growth will continue to dwarf child growth as the population ages and proportionately fewer women are in their childbearing ages," Frey tells Axios.

States with the largest share of their populations under 18:

  1. Utah
  2. Texas (3rd in 2010)
  3. Idaho (2nd in 2010)
  4. Nebraska (10th in 2010)
  5. Alaska (4th in 2010)

States with the smallest share of their populations under 18:

  1. D.C.
  2. Vermont
  3. Maine
  4. New Hampshire (8th in 2010)
  5. Rhode Island (6th in 2010)

Go deeper: Americans are moving less

Bonus: Pic du jour

Photo: Ed Wray/Getty Images

An Indonesian rescue worker helps his colleague as they navigate through a flooded neighborhood in Jakarta.

  • Flooding caused by heavy rain left at least 17 people dead and tens of thousands displaced from their homes as the city prepares for continued rains.
2. What you missed
  1. Julián Castro dropped out of the Democratic presidential race. Go deeper.
  2. New Q4 fundraising numbers: Joe Biden at $22.7 million, Tulsi Gabbard at $3.4 million and President Trump at $46 million. Full list.
  3. Pharmaceutical manufacturers have raised sticker prices on hundreds of drugs at the start of 2020. Go deeper.
  4. Wind power accounted for a record 47% of the electricity consumed in Denmark in 2019, up from 41% in 2018 and 43% in 2017. Go deeper.
  5. Australian authorities are racing to evacuate thousands of stranded people before high temperatures and strong winds return. Go deeper.
  6. Digital video games generated a record $109.4 billion worldwide in 2019, a 3% jump from 2018's $106.1 billion. Go deeper.
  7. Former HBO boss Richard Plepler has secured a five-year exclusive deal with Apple to produce feature films, documentaries and original series for Apple TV+. Go deeper.
3. 1 positive trend

Writer-director Greta Gerwig (left) and Meryl Streep on set of "Little Women.” Photo: Wilson Webb/Sony Pictures via AP

Women directed 12 of 2019’s top 100-grossing films — the most ever recorded, AP reports.

Why it matters: The previous high in USC’s annual study was 8%, in 2008. In 2018, only 4.5% of the year’s top films were directed by women.

  • Four women of color directed one of the top 100 movies in 2019, but the number of underrepresented directors dipped to 16.8% from last year’s record of 21.4%, per AP.

Between the lines: Despite the gains, female filmmakers have been largely overlooked in this awards season.

  • No women were nominated for best director at this weekend's Golden Globes, and none of the Best Picture nominees were directed by women, either.