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Today's Login is 1,417 words, a 5-minute read.
Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios
When he was recently named CEO of Google's parent company Alphabet, Sundar Pichai inherited a long list of issues in need of tackling — everything from addressing privacy and antitrust concerns, to managing an increasingly vocal workforce, to ensuring the future of the company's products.
The big picture: As Google CEO, Pichai was already responsible for much of this portfolio. Now, the buck truly stops with him.
Here's what Pichai's to-do list now looks like:
1. Balance privacy against Google's thirst for data. Privacy is an industrywide concern, but the challenge is especially large for a company that prides itself on collecting all the world's information.
2. Dodge the antitrust barrage. For a company that dominates the global search business, Google has been able to largely contain the impact of antitrust concerns for most of its history, despite a number of probes around the globe. A reckoning could be coming, however.
3. Contain employee dissent without wrecking company culture. Google is dealing with an increasingly vocal workforce eager to have a say on everything from where the company does business, to what businesses it is in, to how workers (and vendors and contractors) are treated.
4. Rehabilitate YouTube's image. Although Susan Wojcicki is CEO of the Google-owned video service, she reports to Pichai, and ultimately, he is responsible for the content moderation challenges that go with being home to billions of hours of video.
5. Defend the search franchise. Google continues to dominate its core business, but the company faces increased challenges.
6. Figure out what to do with "other bets." This is the newest area for Pichai, who now is responsible not only for Google's advertising business, but also for the longer-term plays grouped under the Alphabet umbrella in health, autonomous cars and other "moonshots."
The bottom line: There was a lot on Pichai's plate before, and even more now. He'll now have more autonomy. But ultimately, co-founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin still own a controlling interest in the company, so Pichai still has to keep them happy.
Go deeper: Sundar Pichai on YouTube (Axios on HBO)
Photo: Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images
International students outnumber homegrown talent 2:1 among newly graduated AI experts, driving American leadership in the critical and increasingly crowded field, Axios' Kaveh Waddell reports.
Why it matters: Experts worry that U.S. hostility to immigration is choking this vital pipeline, potentially handing an advantage to competitors like China.
The big picture: Bright minds are the primary fuel for AI advances.
Driving the news: In the new report, shared first with Axios, Remco Zwetsloot of the Center for Security and Emerging Technology at Georgetown analyzes the detailed education and work histories of thousands of recent AI graduates in the U.S.
One particular danger, according to the report, is a rollback of Optional Practical Training, a program that allows graduates to work in the U.S. for three years after finishing school.
What's next: The White House has proposed reallocating the number of visas to accommodate more high-skilled immigrants. But Zwetsloot says that's not enough.
Go deeper: A potential AI talent drain
Netflix is finally disclosing just how much of its user growth is coming from international efforts, as Axios' Kia Kokalitcheva reports.
Driving the news: In a regulatory filing on Monday, Netflix released revenue and subscription data that showed the service has grown fastest in regions outside of the U.S. and Canada from 2017 to 2019.
Why it matters: This is the first time Netflix has disclosed subscriber numbers for specific regions. Netflix's streaming business in North America is still growing, but the platform — like other consumer media companies — is increasingly looking to other regions to continue its growth when business inevitably slows down at home.
By the numbers (as of Sept. 30, 2019):
1 relic thing: Netflix generated $450 million in revenue from DVD rentals in the U.S. and Canada — in 2017!
Communication tech firm Twilio is announcing $3 million in new grants later today, aimed at helping more than two dozen crisis services speed up their response time.
Why it matters: A prior round of funding in August focused on larger nonprofits, while these grants reach a number of lesser-known groups providing vital work to those in need. Twilio.org, the company's philanthropic arm, aims to help 1 billion people annually within 10 years.
The new grants are going to organizations that help those dealing with everything from domestic violence and sexual assault to natural disasters and suicidal feelings.
The goal of the grants is to help each of the organizations improve their response time.
"These are the instances where communications can mean the difference between hope and despair, or even at times between life and death," Twilio's chief social impact officer Erin Reilly said in an interview.
What they're saying: Trans Lifeline, which is receiving its largest-ever grant of $153,000 from Twilio, said that is enough to launch an urgently needed Spanish-language hotline to serve the U.S. and Canada by the end of June. As a result it expects to handle 44% more calls.
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