Vote. Seriously. That's how this democracy thing works.
Illustration: Rebecca Zisser/Axios
The internet is an invisible mesh that enables instantaneous global communications, but delivering all those bits quickly to more people in more places requires increasingly exotic approaches.
That latest viral video might start out in an underwater data center before traveling to a satellite, undersea cable or balloon — then hopping wirelessly to reach your phone.
Why it matters: Today's bandwidth needs require either a long physical connection or a lot of creativity. Bringing the internet to still-unconnected locations typically requires a lot of the latter, forcing tech companies to think in new ways about where to place wires, cables and servers.
How it works: Here are a few things you may not realize about how communication pipes work around the world...
1. Hundreds of thousands of cables are buried underwater. These cables, which run along the ocean floor, carry the vast majority of all transoceanic digital communications.
2. The cloud is increasingly being moved underwater. Data centers require cheap cooling and power, and it turns out the ocean provides both. The waves provide the energy while the water provides the cooling.
3. "Wireless" technologies actually use a ton of wires. Yes, the signals are sent through the air from base stations to phones, tablets and other devices.
4. Space has become the new frontier for wireless signals. Today, satellites are often the last resort for delivering internet and phone calls. They help close the gap in uncovered areas, but are typically costly and slow.
5. Alphabet has been testing balloons for remote area connectivity. It's been using high atmosphere balloons to help bring connectivity in remote areas via Project Loon.
The bottom line: Your first concern might not be where your data is stored or how it gets to you, as long as it does so quickly, securely and inexpensively. But the engineers responsible for keeping us all online are constantly coming up with eye-opening new ideas to make that happen.
For more than a year, cities across the U.S. and Canada have been wooing Amazon in hopes of becoming the company's second headquarters and securing 50,000 or more high-paying tech jobs.
Winners: While nothing has been announced yet, per the New York Times, the HQ2 cities will be the Crystal City neighborhood of Arlington, Va., and the Long Island City district in Queens, N.Y.
Our thought bubble:
What they're saying: The internet had a lot of fun with the reports of two HQ2s. Here are a few of my favorites...
The bottom line: We'll have to wait to see the details to learn just how good a deal this is for the "winning" communities.
Facebook's much-publicized "war room" to monitor possible election interference. Photo: Noah Berger/AFP/Getty Images
Fresh concerns about election interference emerged in the hours before Election Day.
What they're saying:
Meanwhile, as we reported in Login on Monday, experts are also concerned about bad actors taking credit for interference that didn't actually occur. Former Facebook security chief Alex Stamos echoed that worry yesterday:
"Americans need to strike a careful balance between being wary for election manipulation and being skeptical of unsupported claims of manipulation. Let's not do our adversaries' work for them."— Alex Stamos
Photo: Robert Alexander/Getty Images
For the first time since acquiring Time Warner, AT&T plans to cut off service for some customers accused of repeatedly contributing to illegal content sharing.
Driving the news: As Axios' Sara Fischer and David McCabe first reported, the move affects more than a dozen customers who have each received at least 9 separate notifications of alleged infringement.
Why it matters: It's the first time AT&T has discontinued customer service over piracy allegations since last year and is extra significant since AT&T just became one of America's major media companies. (It has also become a major video distributor in recent years, having acquired DirecTV and launched its own streaming video services.)
The context: A now-defunct industry Copyright Alert System used to be responsible for holding internet service providers accountable for educating customers about the risks of pirating content. After that group dissolved, the ISPs were forced to create and enforce their own policies.
Go deeper: Sara and David have more here.
In case you need some additional electoral inspiration.