Axios Latino

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Thanks for joining us today. We won't publish on Thursday and hope you enjoy the holiday!

  • Puede leer este boletín en español aquí.

This newsletter, edited by Astrid Galván and Laurin-Whitney Gottbrath, is 1,176 words, a 4-minute read.

1 big thing: South America's World Cup hopes

Illustration of South America with abstract shapes.

Illustration: Shoshana Gordon/Axios

Argentina's stunning loss to Saudi Arabia put a damper — but didn't end — fans' hopes this could be the year South America reigns at the World Cup again, Astrid and Marina write.

The big picture: The World Cup started this weekend in Qatar. South American teams have won it nine times since the tournament began in 1930. But no South American team has won it since 2002, when Brazil triumphed over Germany.

State of play: When Ecuador beat controversial host Qatar on Sunday, it marked the first time that a host team lost the opening game of the World Cup.

  • Today's shocking loss against Saudi Arabia ended Argentina's 36-game unbeaten streak. Three of Argentina's goals were disallowed due to offside calls.
  • The defeat puts more pressure on Argentina in its upcoming matches against Mexico (on Saturday) and Poland (next week) as it looks to make it to the knockout stage.

Brazil is likely to take the whole thing, Horacio Elizondo, a Telemundo Deportes analyst and former World Cup referee, tells Axios Latino. Other analyses back that prediction up.

  • Still, fans in Argentina are looking to Lionel Messi to bring home the Cup. He has said will be his last World Cup.
  • "This is Messi's World Cup, no matter how much he ends up playing or how far they get," an Argentina fan told Telemundo Deportes.
  • Elizondo, who is in Qatar, said Argentina had a bad day today but will come back stronger for the next match.

What's next: Costa Rica plays Spain tomorrow. Uruguay, a two-time World Cup winner, faces South Korea on Thursday.

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2. A Latino sweep in New Mexico

Clockwise, from top left: Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham, Lt. Gov. Howie Morales, Attorney General-elect Raúl Torrez, Public Lands Commissioner Stephanie Garcia Richard, State Auditor-elect Joseph Maestas and State Treasurer-elect Laura Montoya. Photos: Saul Loeb/AFP via Getty Images, Office of Lieutenant Governor, Bernalillo County DA, New Mexico State Land Office, courtesy of Joseph Maestas and Laura Montoya campaigns

New Mexico has elected the most Latinos to statewide office of any state — and they're all Democrats, Russell writes.

  • Hispanics now hold almost all statewide offices in New Mexico.

The big picture: The Democratic sweep in the state with the highest percentage of Hispanics illustrates their loyalty in the state to the Democratic Party despite some GOP gains in places like South Texas.

Details: Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham won a second term with 52% of the vote this month despite a major national GOP push for her Republican opponent, former TV meteorologist Mark Ronchetti. Lt. Gov. Howie Morales, also a Democrat, was re-elected, too.

  • Lujan Grisham became the third Hispanic New Mexico governor in a row to win re-election. No other state has elected three people of color to governorships in a row.
  • Raúl Torrez was elected attorney general; Laura Montoya took the state treasurer race; Stephanie Garcia Richard was re-elected as public lands commissioner; and Joseph Maestas captured the state auditor spot.
  • Secretary of State Maggie Toulouse Oliver is the only non-Hispanic statewide officeholder.

Background: New Mexico, where about 48% of the population is Hispanic, has a long history of electing Latino candidates to state offices.

  • Ezequiel Cabeza de Baca, a former journalist, was the state's first Hispanic governor in 1917, but he was only in office 49 days before dying of an illness.
  • The state has had six other Hispanic governors since then.

Today Hispanics make up about 40% of New Mexico's legislature, the highest percentage of any state, according to the state's Legislative Council Service.

Yes, but: The state was without a Latino U.S. senator for 44 years until Ben Ray Luján was elected in 2020.

What they're saying: The latest crop of Latinos elected to state office skew younger, Sisto Abeyta, a New Mexico Democratic operative, told Axios.

  • The average age of legislators in New Mexico was previously 65-70 years old, while many now serving are under 55, Abeyta said.
  • "These Latinos also have made alliances with white progressives, and they will likely be around for a while."

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3. Aging Latinos' growing challenges

Photo illustration of a photo of a man reading to three children overlaid with a stethoscope.

Photo illustration: Gabriella Turrisi/Axios. Photo: Jack Manning/Three Lions/Hulton Archive/Getty Images

Older Latinos — especially those who are not citizens or live in poverty — are often kept from the health care resources designed to help Americans age comfortably, researchers and advocates told Axios' Sabrina Moreno.

  • That's partly because of financial and language barriers, and because they're so much more likely to be uninsured. But there's also a cultural responsibility families feel to handle the caregiving themselves, which can mean avoiding the programs that could help them — or not knowing they exist.

The big picture: Latinos are projected to become, by 2028, the largest racial or ethnic group above the age of 65, but the country’s fragmented social safety net threatens to leave Latino seniors behind.

  • High uninsured rates, immigration status, language obstacles and health care costs are part of what's aggravating the problem, said Yarissa Reyes, who heads Latino outreach for the Alzheimer's Association.

By the numbers: Latino caregivers — of whom it's estimated roughly 75% are women — spend close to half their income each year to look after family members, according to a 2021 AARP study on out-of-pocket caregiver costs.

  • Rita Choula, AARP's director of caregiving, told Axios the price tag can create a cycle, so that Latino caregivers have less savings of their own once they're older, forcing them to rely on younger family members.
  • The costs can also be emotional and physical, according to a 2021 report from the American Society on Aging, which noted that the cultural commitment could steer Latino caregivers toward neglecting their own health.

Zoom in: The essential industries many Latinos work in are less likely to include employer-sponsored retirement plans or private health insurance, leading them to work longer and rely on their adult children instead of on nursing homes, said David Hayes-Bautista, UCLA's director of the Center for the Study of Latino Health and Culture.

  • Plus, while Latinos have a longer life expectancy than most racial or ethnic groups, their health can decline after age 50 due to discrimination and dangerous, low-paying working conditions, according to an April report from the peer-reviewed medical journal BioMed Central Public Health.

Read more here

4. Photo essay: Indigenous Heritage Month

An indigenous woman from New Mexico stands with the mountains in the background. She is wearing a crown and sash

Miss Gallup Inter-Tribal Indian Ceremonial Queen Cajun Cleveland, who is Diné (Navajo), after the ceremonial rodeo on Aug. 14 near Gallup, N.M. Photo: Mario Tama/Getty Images

Photos can tell such robust stories. Check out the stunning imagery Axios' Aïda Amer put together in honor of Native American Heritage Month.

Click here to see a collection photos capturing the lives of Native Americans in the U.S.

5. Stories we're watching

Ilan Goldfajn listens during a news conference, with the shadows of two people to both his sides

Ilan Goldfajn in Brazil in 2018. Photo: Andre Coelho/Bloomberg via Getty Images

1. Latin American leaders picked Brazilian economist Ilan Goldfajn to lead the Inter-American Development Bank on Sunday.

  • He'll replace Mauricio Claver-Carone, who was the first-ever American to lead the bank but was removed after a sex scandal, though he's denied the allegations against him.

2. Mexican President Andres Manuel López Obrador today canceled the Pacific Alliance Summit in Mexico City because Peruvian President Pedro Castillo, who is under investigation for corruption, is not allowed to travel to the event.

  • Peru's Congress has barred him from traveling on several occasions.
  • The Organization of American States is close to wrapping up its mission to Peru to look into the political crisis.

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