4. U.S. fertility dips to its lowest rate since the 1970s
The fertility rate in the U.S. dropped by 4% last year compared to 2019, the lowest it's been in nearly 50 years, according to provisional data from the National Center for Health Statistics, my Axios colleague Marisa Fernandez writes.
Why it matters: The data corroborates previous surveys that predicted a "COVID baby bust," with women reporting they were postponing pregnancy and having fewer children, as well as surveys indicating less sexual activity overall.
By the numbers: There were 55.8 births per 1,000 women age 15 to 44 last year. It is the sixth straight year the number of births in the U.S. has fallen, CDC data shows.
- There was an overall decline in all age groups between 15 to 44. Brady Hamilton, the lead author of the study, called those drops "unusual" and "extraordinary." Births had been rising for women in their 30s, he said.
- The preterm birth rate declined for the first time since 2014 to about 10% in 2020.
The big picture: Fertility rates in the U.S. and around the world have been falling for years as women in developed countries have gained more freedoms, received more education, and in some cases, gotten increased access to birth control.
Yes, but: Though significant, the decrease of 142,000 births last year is about half of what experts predicted. Researchers saw closed child centers and schools as key reasons for slowed births.
My thought bubble: It's possible that we could see a post-COVID-19 baby boom, as a rapidly growing economy — plus additional help for families from the government — encourages prospective parents to have children they put off during the pandemic.
Go deeper: U.S. population growth is on a downward slope