Good afternoon, welcome back. Today's edition is 1,626 words, a 6-minute read.
Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios
Armed with subpoenas, lawsuits and immigration SWAT teams, the Trump administration has declared war on sanctuary cities, Axios' Stef Kight writes.
The big picture: Trump and his administration have used every available tool to crack down on local governments that refuse to hold immigrants in criminal custody, block immigration agents from working in county jails or deny federal authorities access to immigrants' records.
Where it stands: Just this year, the Trump administration has:
By the numbers: Immigration and Customs Enforcement has delivered 13 subpoenas demanding information about unauthorized immigrants from local law enforcement in Connecticut, New York and California and Oregon.
What they're saying: Proponents of sanctuary cities argue that law enforcement officials in these cities are able to focus on serious crimes and unauthorized immigrants are able to report crimes without fearing deportation.
What's next: The Supreme Court has not yet decided whether to hear the dispute between the Trump administration and California.
Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios
13% of nearly 900 cities tracked by the nonprofit CDP get a top rating on climate change action — a fraction of the total population, but roughly double the number of cities on the organization's 2018 list, Axios' Orion Rummler writes.
Why it matters: Cities create more than 60% of the world's greenhouse gas emissions and consume 78% of the world’s energy. The 105 cities that received an "A" rating from CDP represent a combined population of 170 million.
Where it stands: Big cities in mostly developed parts of the world — including Europe, North America and Australia — dominate CDP's "A List" for taking steps to reduce heat-trapping emissions and adapt to a warmer planet.
Yes, but: While these cities have set forward-looking goals like lowering carbon emissions by 2050 and using more renewable power for energy consumption, a lot of these actions haven't yet been executed. CDP scores cities on their intent to follow through, which is far from guaranteed.
The big picture: CDP, a London-based nonprofit that asks companies to record their environmental impact, only gave 43 cities an "A" rating in 2018. This year, that figure was bumped up to 105.
Go deeper: What your city's climate will be in 2080
Illustration: Rebecca Zisser/Axios
Global spending on projects for smart cities will reach nearly $124 billion this year, an 18% increase over 2019, according to IDC, a market research firm.
The big picture: Singapore, Tokyo, New York and London are expected to be the biggest spenders, at roughly $1 billion each.
Transportation and utilities will account for many of those projects in the coming years.
What to watch: Cities hosting the Olympics — such as Tokyo this year and Los Angeles in 2028 — are investing heavily in infrastructure to accommodate the deluge of visitors, and will be seen as test beds for what works.
Illustration: Eniola Odetunde/Axios
The economics undergirding the U.S. recycling system have fallen apart. Unable to absorb the extra cost, some cities are opting to kill recycling programs altogether — just as public concerns about climate change are ratcheting up.
China, the biggest buyer of U.S. recycled materials, has closed its doors.
What we're seeing: The Manassas, Virginia, recycling center operated by Republic Services operates up to 22 hours a day to process about 550 tons of recycled material.
Other cities are struggling to make recycling work.
Cities have to renegotiate their contracts with recycling providers, many of which are 30 years old, to find a viable business model, said Richard Coupland, VP of Municipal Services for Republic Services.
"There’s not a silver bullet — it’s going to take a number of factors. Reducing the waste stream, reusing more, rethinking how we’re packaging things, and education. What we've learned is that you can never stop trying to educate the public."— St. Petersburg, Florida, Mayor Rick Kriseman
Recycled materials on a conveyor belt at a processing facility. Photo: Saul Loeb/AFP via Getty Images.
Some consumers are so eager to recycle that they throw items in the recycling bin even if they aren't sure they are recyclable.
News you can use: Here are a few recycling tips from companies that operate recycling facilities.
The bottom line: "When in doubt, throw it out," is the line used by waste disposal company Republic Services.
Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios
Cities' transportation tunnel vision (Axios)
Yelp ratings reveal the cost of racism for businesses in black neighborhoods (NextCity)
Amazon has 37,000 job openings — maybe its most ever — in Seattle, India and across the globe (Seattle Times)
Designing gender-inclusive cities that work for all (Modern Diplomacy)
Reducing street sprawl could help combat climate change (Scientific American)
Photo: Peter Steffen/picture alliance via Getty Images
City Hall in Amsterdam, New York, has been overrun by more than 18,000 winter roosting crows, and city officials have enlisted wildlife experts to scare them away.
The area surrounding City Hall has been ravaged by crows during winter months for so long that it's known to some as "Crows Hill." A previous mayor installed machines on the buildings' roofs to make crow distress calls — but that didn't deter the migratory birds, according to an entertaining story in the Daily Gazette.
Have a great week! See you next Wednesday.
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