🍗 Happy Black Friday! Thanks to all of you who are working today.
Driving the Day: "The federal government will release a major climate change report – Volume II of the National Climate Assessment — on Black Friday. The timing, in the afternoon when many Americans will be traveling or shopping, prompted criticism from environmentalists." (USA Today)
1 big thing: Record number of immigrant children in U.S. shelters
One big problem with the ever accelerating news cyclone is that important stories are forgotten long before they're resolved. Here's a big one ...
A record 14,030 immigrant children were in shelters across the country as of last week, one-third of them in Texas, the Houston Chronicle's Lomi Kriel reports.
Why it matters: "It is almost three times the number of children in federal detention a year ago."
Why it's happening: "Advocates largely fault a new government requirement, implemented this summer, that requires all adults in a household seeking to care for an immigrant child to submit their fingerprints for a background check. That information is shared with the Department of Homeland Security and at least 41 so-called sponsors lacking legal status have been arrested,
"Under a California judge’s orders, most of the separated families have now been reunited, and almost all of the children currently in shelters came here on their own."
But the kids are "being detained longer — an average of 75 days in August, compared to 59 days in June and 41 days in fiscal year 2017."
"The daily discharge rate plummeted to 1 percent as of Nov. 15, meaning far more children are being placed in shelters than released."
P.S. Immigration remained a flashpoint even on Thanksgiving, generating two of the day's top stories:
Hillary Clinton said in an interview with The Guardian that Europe must get a handle on immigration to combat a growing threat from rightwing populists, and said the continent’s leaders need to send out a stronger signal that they are “not going to be able to continue to provide refuge and support."
At Mar-a-Lago, President Trump threatened to close "the whole border": "If we find that it’s uncontrollable, ..., if we find that it gets to a level where we lose control or people are going to start getting hurt, we’re going to close entry into the country for a period of time until we get it under control."
2. Online sales move earlier
Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios
U.S. shoppers spent $1.75 billion online on Thanksgiving as of 5 p.m.. and were predicted to spend a record $3.7 billion by midnight, up 29% from 2017, according to Adobe Analytics figures cited by Business Insider.
"Much of the growth has come from smartphones," which accounted for 37% sales, up from 29% last year.
Why it matters: "The skyrocketing sales represent an increase in online shopping more generally, as well as a Black Friday sales 'day' that is shifting earlier and earlier," per BI.
This is a trend ... Here are two Business Insider headlines from a year ago: "Smartphones are killing Black Friday ... Photos of shockingly empty stores prove that Black Friday as we know it is dead."
Experts say surging online sales could lead to calmer bricks-and-mortar shopping.
3. Why Nancy Pelosi will be Madam Speaker
Nancy Pelosi’s "relentless honey-over-vinegar approach to dealing with political headaches — which she learned at the foot of her father, former Baltimore mayor Thomas D’Alesandro Jr. — has been critical to sustaining her grip on power since Democrats won the House majority this month," the WashPost's Mike DeBonis and Bob Costa report:
"She has personally courted disgruntled members in meetings and by phone while deploying her sprawling network to bolster her bid among both liberals and moderates, all but overwhelming her critics with her ability to outmaneuver them."
Why it matters: "According to several aides involved in their discussions, Pelosi’s tenacity has rattled and weakened the ragtag group of rebel Democrats, mostly men, who have struggled to recruit a challenger."
4. Pic du jour
Tamir Kalifa/Getty Images
This soldier, deployed near the Donna-Rio Bravo International Bridge in Texas, and hundreds of other troops celebrated Thanksgiving at the U.S.-Mexico border.
5. Questioning a trend
"The graphic [above] was splashy by the Census Bureau’s standards and it showed an unmistakable moment in America’s future: the year 2044, when white Americans were projected to fall below half the population and lose their majority status," the N.Y. Times' Sabrina Tavernise reports:
Why it matters: "In a nation preoccupied by race, the moment when white Americans will make up less than half the country’s population has become an object of fascination" for everyone from progressives (political triumph) to white nationalists ("a kind of doomsday clock").
What's new: "But many academics have grown increasingly uneasy with the public fixation. ... Some are questioning the assumptions the Census Bureau is making about race, and whether projecting the American population even makes sense at a time of rapid demographic change when the categories themselves seem to be shifting."
"[S]ome researchers are ... questioning whether the Census Bureau’s projections provide a true picture. At issue, they say, is whom the government counts as white."
"In the Census Bureau’s projections, people of mixed race or ethnicity have been counted mostly as minority, demographers say. This has had the effect of understating the size of the white population, they say, because many Americans with one white parent may identify as white or partly white."
6. 🎿 Ski resorts open early
"Early season snow and cold temperatures are helping New England ski resorts open early, carving out a blizzard of a start to the 2018-2019 season," AP's Wilson Ring reports from Montpelier, Vt.:
"Many hitting the slopes are finding great November conditions across Vermont, New Hampshire and Maine."
"The early season snow bounty is being combined with tens of millions of dollars in improvements at resorts across Vermont, New Hampshire and Maine that include new chair lifts, snow-making upgrades and more off-slope activities for winter enjoyment."
"Another bonus is the storms have hit southern New England and the New York area, which helps generate interest in winter sports from people who live far from the mountains."
7. Download du jour
Phil Singer and his team at Marathon Strategies are quick out of the gate with a 136-page guide to the House members, including these talkers (with party affiliation corrections):
Katie Hill (D-CA-25): Rock climbing enthusiast
Gil Cisneros (D-CA-39): Won $266 million in Mega Millions lottery
Donna Shalala (D-FL-27): Former HHS Secretary
Sharice Davids (D-KS-03): Former MMA fighter
Pete Stauber (R-MN-08): Former Detroit Red Wings hockey player
Anthony Gonzalez (R-OH-16): Former Indianapolis Colts wide receiver
Antonio Delgado (D-NY-19): Former rapper
Daniel Crenshaw (R-TX-02): Appeared on "SNL"
Chip Roy (R-TX-21): Former Chief of Staff to Ted Cruz
Colin Allred (D-TX-32): Former Tennessee Titans linebacker.
8. Suicide is rising in U.S., falling around world
"The suicide rate in America is up by 18% since 2000," The Economist writes in its lead editorial:
"This is not merely a tragedy; it matters politically, too. The rise is largely among white, middle-aged, poorly educated men in areas that were left behind by booms and crushed by busts. Their deaths are a symptom of troubles to which some see President Donald Trump as the answer. Those troubles should not be ignored."
But at a global level, "suicide is down by 29% since 2000 ... As a result, 2.8m lives have been saved in that time — three times as many as have been killed in battle."
"The decline is particularly notable among three sets of people ... young women in China and India ... middle-aged men in Russia ... old people all around the world."
Among the reasons for the decline among these groups: urbanization, fewer forced marriages, and social stability.
"Unemployed people kill themselves at around two-and-a-half times the rate of those in work. The financial crash of 2007-08 and the resulting recessions are reckoned to have caused an extra 10,000 or so suicides in America and western Europe. As crises recede and employment rises, so suicide tends to ebb."
"[F]alling poverty rates among the old, which have declined faster than among other groups globally, are reckoned to have contributed to the drop in the number of elderly suicides."
9. Fun fact
"The Leaning Tower of Pisa isn't leaning so much anymore," AP reports from Italy:
"After more than two decades of efforts to straighten it, engineers say the famed Tuscan bell tower has recovered four centimeters (1.57 inches) more and is in better structural health than predicted."
"The 12th-century tower reopened to the public in 2001 after being closed for more than a decade to let workers reduce its slant."
"By using hundreds of tons of lead counterweights at the base and extracting soil from under the foundations, engineers initially shaved 17 inches off the lean."
10. 1 dog thing
A new type of police dog — "explosive odor-pursuit dogs” — are trained to pick up the scent of a bomb hundreds of feet away and then lead their handlers to the source, the N.Y. Times' Ashley Southall reports:
The dogs "are asked to intercept suicide bombers and other terrorists before they reach targets like concerts, parades and sporting events."
The odor-pursuit dogs, which cost about $50,000 each, "are drawn from pointy-eared breeds like German shepherds and Belgian Malinois, whose traits dovetail with the job. They can pick up scents at longer ranges than other police dogs, and will start a search without waiting for their handlers’ directions."
"The handlers give them commands in Dutch, Czech and Slovak, in a nod to their origins: The dogs are bred in the Netherlands, the Czech Republic and Slovakia."
"The new dogs have a longer range of smell than ... Vapor Wake dogs, which detect the smell of explosives on people near them. Those dogs are primarily Labradors, whose friendly nature allows them to work in crowds."