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Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

Over the last several years, millennials have rented to stay nimble and keep work opportunities open. Now, they're ready to buy.

Why it matters: About 4.8 million millennials are turning 30 in 2021, and many are expected to enter the home-buying game if they haven't already.

  • This wave of new buyers will have the opportunity to build and pass on wealth, and shape the market for years to come.

Flashback: Leading up to the financial crisis of 2008, many people bought homes they couldn't afford, allowing developers to gobble up foreclosures, David Kennedy, president of Charlotte-based Canopy MLS, tells Axios.

  • We're still feeling the impacts of that, but it allowed first-time millennial buyers to head into the market with the knowledge their first home may not be their dream home.
  • They're more open to multi-family options like condos and quadraplexes, so they can start building wealth despite today's low inventory of single-family homes.

The big picture: Millennials are getting older and entering a new stage of life, casting off their long-held moniker as the "renter generation," Realtor.com senior economist George Rati says.

  • The oldest millennials are turning 40 this year, and they want more space for their growing families.
  • First-time buyers are also ready to build equity, have more space, and take advantage of low relatively mortgage rates.

The state of play: Homebuyers are entering a competitive market, with inventory down and home prices surging across the board. Low mortgage rates give buyers more power, but there has to be a home to buy to take advantage of current deals.

By the numbers, per a Realtor.com study:

  • 43% of first-time millennial homebuyers have been looking for more than a year.
  • 44% say they still need more money for a down payment and other closing costs.
  • 34% say they can't find a house in their budget.

Where they're going: Millennials are leaving larger cities like New York and heading west or south. Migration patterns, according to SmartAsset, show five of the 10 most popular states among millennials have no income tax.

Data: U.S. Census Bureau migration data analysis by SmartAsset; Chart: Axios Visuals

What millennials want: Rati says the average millennial buyer wants a house with a nice backyard in a desirable, quiet location.

  • A garage, updated kitchens and bathrooms, good schools, and attractions nearby are also common wishlist items.
  • Millennials with money want to spend it. Grandfather Homes president Matt Ewers, who builds $1M+ custom homes, says he's noticed millennial buyers "are willing to spend it as they make it," adding amenities like $150,000 pools during the building process.
  • "They're not all investment bankers either," he says. Millennials who are able to afford the bonus luxuries are involved in anything from sales to multiple side hustles.

The bottom line: "Looking ahead," Rati says, "millennials will continue to be dominant participants in housing markets."

Go deeper

Felix Salmon, author of Capital
Apr 11, 2021 - Economy & Business

The dispiriting housing boom

Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

It's a discouraging scene: Bidding wars, soaring prices, and fears that homeownership is becoming out of reach for millions of Americans. We're in a housing frenzy, driven by a massive shortage of inventory — and no one seems to be happy about it.

Why it matters: Not all bubbles burst. Real estate, in particular, tends to rise in value much more easily than it falls. Besides, says National Association of Realtors chief economist Lawrence Yun, this "is not a bubble. It is simply lack of supply."

Felix Salmon, author of Capital
9 mins ago - Technology

Lina Khan's mission

Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios

All of the world's trillion-dollar companies (with the exception of Saudi Aramco) are reportedly having what Protocol's Issie Lapowsky characterizes as "heart palpitations" over the appointment of Lina Khan as FTC chair. But don't expect anything drastic to happen soon.

Why it matters: Khan is the most fearsome foe that Big Tech could have imagined in America's top antitrust role — and her fans in Congress are making waves as well. But you'd never guess that from the giants' share prices, which have been hitting new all-time highs since the announcement.

Exclusive: EV charging providers to allow roaming across their networks

Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios

Greenlots, Chargepoint and several other electric vehicle charging companies will allow roaming access across their networks, a move that could help speed EV adoption.

Why it matters: Your phone works on any mobile network, no matter which provider you use. And you can use any bank's ATM machine, regardless of where you keep your money. Now the same will be true of EV charging.