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A G8 summit in 2008. Merkel is the only participant still in office. Photo: Koichi Kamoshida / AFP / Getty Images

It took five months and a good deal of hand-wringing, but Angela Merkel has secured a coalition and will form her fourth government — putting her on course to lead Germany until 2021. 

The other side of the coin: Merkel's longevity is an outlier. As news of her coalition agreement broke, Italians were heading to the polls, yet again. In the 12 years Merkel has been chancellor, Italy has had six prime ministers — one of them twice (Berlusconi).

Here's a closer look at Merkel's remarkable longevity:

  • During Merkel's tenure, the other 18 G20 countries (not including the E.U.) have had a combined 66 heads of government.
  • The only current G20 leader who comes close to matching her is Vladimir Putin, who gave up the presidency for four years during her tenure but was never really out of power.
  • Merkel has overlapped with three U.S. presidents, and during the period her Christian Democrats have controlled the Bundestag both the House and Senate have flipped from the Republicans to the Democrats and back again.
The global perspective

Here's a look at how many times power has changed hands in the rest of the G20 during Merkel's 12 years in office.

Once:

  • China: Hu, Xi
  • India: Singh, Modi
  • Indonesia: Yudhoyono, Widodo
  • Saudi Arabia: Abdullah, Salman

Twice:

  • USA: Bush, Obama, Trump
  • Russia: Putin, Medvedev, Putin
  • Canada: Martin, Harper, Trudeau
  • Turkey: Erdogan, Davutoglu, Yildirim
  • Mexico: Fox, Calderon, Peña Nieto
  • Brazil: Lula, Rousseff, Temer
  • Argentina: Kirchner, Fernandez de Kirchner, Macri

Three times:

  • U.K.: Blair, Brown, Cameron, May
  • France: Chirac, Sarkozy, Hollande, Macron
  • South Africa: Mbeki, Motlanthe, Zuma, Ramaphosa
  • South Korea: Roh, Lee, Park, Moon

More than four:

  • Australia: Howard, Rudd, Gillard, Rudd, Abbott, Turnbull
  • Italy: Berlusconi, Prodi, Berlusconi, Monti, Letta, Renzi, Gentiloni
  • Japan: Koizumi, Abe, Fukuda, Aso, Hatoyama, Kan, Noda, Abe

Go deeper

Kate Marino, author of Markets
39 mins ago - Economy & Business

Omicron outbreaks were bad for business in January

Data: New York Federal Reserve Bank; Chart: Axios Visuals

Emerging anecdotal evidence shows just how hard the recent rise in COVID-19 cases hit businesses in early January — but that hasn't hurt some business leaders’ longer-term views on their companies' prospects.

Why it matters: Increasingly, the economic recovery has come in fits and starts that move in tandem with new peaks in cases. Look no further than the thousands of cancelled flights and shuttered Broadway theaters in the wake of the Omicron variant's spread over the last few months.

Tina Reed, author of Vitals
1 hour ago - Health

The shifting definition of fully vaccinated

Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

The definition of what it means to be "fully vaccinated" is evolving even as the CDC has remained careful not to officially change it.

Why it matters: CDC officials have been balancing the job of convincing Americans who've already gotten two doses of the importance of boosters with getting many Americans who still need their first doses to get their shots at all.

Mike Allen, author of AM
1 hour ago - Economy & Business

Small businesses see hiring as No. 1 worry

Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios

Almost every small business owner in a Goldman Sachs survey is having trouble hiring — and two-thirds think the federal government has done too little to ease their hiring, supply-chain and inflation worries.

Why it matters: The Goldman Sachs research gives a vivid window into the continuing headwinds and hardship for entrepreneurs.

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