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Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras (back R) and Macedonian Prime Minister Zoran Zaev (back L) during the signing ceremony on Sunday. Photo by Ayhan Mehmet/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

Macedonian Prime Minister Zoran Zaev on Sunday signed a landmark pact to change the country's name to the Republic of Northern Macedonia in a move to resolve a decades-old dispute with Greece, the Guardian reports.

Why it matters: While the accord still has to be accepted by Macedonians in a referendum and ratified by both countries' parliaments, the deal would allow Macedonia to potentially join NATO and the European Union as it has been blocked in the past by Greece.

The backdrop: For decades, Greece has been outraged over the former Yugoslav republic’s use of the name Macedonia, claiming it implies that it's coveting Greek territory and heritage. Macedonia was already the name of a northern region of Greece before the new Slavic nation adopted it.

What's happening: The deal has provoked protests over the weekend and political opposition on both sides of the border. The New York Times reports that seven out of 10 Greeks oppose the agreement, citing a weekend opinion poll published by the Proto Thema newspaper.

  • Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras on Saturday survived a no-confidence motion against his government over the accord, orchestrated by the country's main opposition party.
  • In Macedonia, President Gjorge Ivanov is reportedly against the agreement, which has also triggered protests in Skopje, the Macedonian capital.

Go deeper

Tech digs in for long domestic terror fight

Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

With domestic extremist networks scrambling to regroup online, experts fear the next attack could come from a radicalized individual — much harder than coordinated mass events for law enforcement and platforms to detect or deter.

The big picture: Companies like Facebook and Twitter stepped up enforcement and their conversations with law enforcement ahead of Inauguration Day. But they'll be tested as the threat rises that impatient lone-wolf attackers will lash out.

The pandemic could be worsening childhood obesity

Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios

The 10-month long school closures and the coronavirus pandemic are expected to have a big impact on childhood obesity rates.

Why it matters: About one in five children are obese in the U.S. — an all-time high — with worsening obesity rates across income and racial and ethnic groups, data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey show.

Dave Lawler, author of World
30 mins ago - World

Biden's Russia challenge

Illustration: Eniola Odetunde/Axios

The Biden administration has already proposed a five-year extension of the last treaty constraining the U.S. and Russian nuclear arsenals, announced an urgent investigation into a massive Russia-linked cyberattack, and demanded the release of Russia’s leading opposition figure, Alexey Navalny.

Why it matters: Those three steps in Biden's first week underscore the challenge he faces from Vladimir Putin — an authoritarian intent on weakening the U.S. and its alliances, with whom he’ll nonetheless have to engage on critical issues.

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