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There is a fundamental question embedded in the debate over the future of work: will expanding automation pass without damage to job creation -- or are we headed into a catastrophic job crisis?

Last week, Google's Eric Schmidt embraced the optimistic view. Speaking in Paris, he said humans will work alongside machines, not be replaced by them. Indeed, " there is in fact going to be a jobs shortage," he said.

But a number of technologists and venture capitalists think that the speed and breadth of automation will lead to massive job loss. "If we don't have machines and software capable of performing most of the tasks we call labor in 30, 40, 50 years, then it will be a failure of Google and our technology ecosystem," said Doug Clinton, a venture capitalist with Loup Ventures.

Between the lines: There appears to be consensus that the jobs picture will be fine for the next five or even 10 years. But after that is when the sides diverge: artificial intelligence is expected to gain commercial traction and begin to take a serious bite out of jobs.

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Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

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  2. U.S.: Total confirmed cases as of 8 a.m. ET: 4,942,747 — Total deaths: 161,367 — Total recoveries: 1,623,870 — Total tests: 60,415,558Map.
  3. Politics: Trump says he's prepared to sign executive orders on coronavirus aid.
  4. Education: Cuomo says all New York schools can reopen for in-person learning.
  5. Public health: Surgeon general urges flu shots to prevent "double whammy" with coronavirus — Massachusetts pauses reopening after uptick in coronavirus cases.
  6. World: Africa records over 1 million coronavirus cases — Gates Foundation puts $150 million behind coronavirus vaccine production.

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Illustration: Annelise Capossela/Axios

Online learning can be frustrating for students, teachers and parents, but some methods are working.

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Why it matters: That's the same night Joe Biden's running mate (to be revealed next week) will address the nation. Clinton and Warren represent two of the most influential wise-women of Democratic politics with the potential to turn out millions of establishment and progressive voters in November.