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Contrary to some speculation, the Great Recession did not push high school graduates to "hide out" in college to avoid the weak labor market. That, along with the lack of job opportunity, left many graduates "idle" — not in college and without a job, according to a study by the Economic Policy Institute.

Expand chart
Data: Economic Policy Institute; Note: Data reflects 12-month rolling average of high school graduates age 17–20 who may have previous college experience. "Not employed" includes those who are unemployed and those who are not in the labor force; Chart: Andrew Witherspoon / Axios

Why it matters: Education and/or work experience are the two biggest selling points for employers, which means many of the students who graduated during the recession could face more difficulty in pursuing a career.

Gender gap: Before the recession, women were more likely to be idle than men (though the gap was closing). Right after the recession, men became more likely to be out of a job and not in college.

Race gap: White, black and Hispanic graduates had an increase in idleness after the recession, and only young black graduates returned to where they were before. But while 20.2 percent of young black high school graduates and 17.7 percent of Hispanic graduates are out of school and a job now, only 13.1 percent of white high school graduates are in that situation.

Go deeper

Mike Allen, author of AM
2 hours ago - Politics & Policy

Biden's "overwhelming force" doctrine

President-elect Biden arrives to introduce his science team in Wilmington yesterday. Photo: Kevin Lamarque/Reuters

President-elect Biden has ordered up a shock-and-awe campaign for his first days in office to signal, as dramatically as possible, the radical shift coming to America and global affairs, his advisers tell us. 

The plan, Part 1 ... Biden, as detailed in a "First Ten Days" memo from incoming chief of staff Ron Klain, plans to unleash executive orders, federal powers and speeches to shift to a stark, national plan for "100 million shots" in three months.

Off the Rails

Episode 2: Barbarians at the Oval

Photo illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios. Photo: Jim Watson/AFP/Getty Images

Beginning on election night 2020 and continuing through his final days in office, Donald Trump unraveled and dragged America with him, to the point that his followers sacked the U.S. Capitol with two weeks left in his term. This Axios series takes you inside the collapse of a president.

Episode 2: Trump stops buying what his professional staff are telling him, and increasingly turns to radical voices telling him what he wants to hear. Read episode 1.

President Trump plunked down in an armchair in the White House residence, still dressed from his golf game — navy fleece, black pants, white MAGA cap. It was Saturday, Nov. 7. The networks had just called the election for Joe Biden.

Fringe right plots new attacks out of sight

Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios

Domestic extremists are using obscure and private corners of the internet to plot new attacks ahead of Inauguration Day. Their plans are also hidden in plain sight, buried in podcasts and online video platforms.

Why it matters: Because law enforcement was caught flat-footed during last week's Capitol siege, researchers and intelligence agencies are paying more attention to online threats that could turn into real-world violence.