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The Chinese yuan. Photo: VCG via Getty Images

The Chinese government is spending $199 billion on infrastructure to prop up domestic growth as the trade fight with the U.S. rages on, reports the South China Morning Post.

Why it matters: China is prepared to both retaliate and out-wait the U.S. in a trade war, and it has tools — like upping government spending — to blunt the effects of Trump's tariffs.

The big picture:

  • China has a narrow government deficit — about 2.6% of GDP — compared to the United States', which is estimated to reach 4.2% of GDP. As a result, the Chinese government can massage policies to promote domestic growth as the trade fight escalates.
  • Experts say China may also deliberately devalue the yuan to stave off trade war effects.
  • China is also cutting corporate taxes and increasing loans to businesses, CNN Money reports.

The bottom line: We're unlikely to see either side back down in the trade war any time soon.

Go deeper

Mike Allen, author of AM
24 mins ago - Politics & Policy

GOP senator calls for senility test for aging leaders

Photo: "Axios on HBO"

Sen. Bill Cassidy (R-La.), a physician, told me during an "Axios on HBO" interview that he favors cognition tests for aging leaders of all three branches of government.

Why it matters: Wisdom comes with age. But science also shows that we lose something. And much of the world is now run by old people — including President Biden, 78 ... Speaker Pelosi, 81 ...  Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer, 70 ... and Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, 79.

Ina Fried, author of Login
34 mins ago - Technology

Intel CEO blames predecessors for manufacturing woes

Axios on HBO

When it comes to Intel's recent manufacturing problems, Intel CEO Pat Gelsinger places the blame squarely on his predecessors — many of whom he notes were not engineers deeply steeped in chip technology, as he is.

Why it matters: Gelsinger has announced a broad plan to reinvigorate Intel by doubling down on manufacturing. However, the strategy depends on the venerable semiconductor giant recovering from recent stumbles.

Marketing to Generation Alpha

Illustration: Rae Cook/Axios

Marketers are pouring money into figuring out the tastes and habits of Generation Alpha — kids born from 2010 through 2024 — who are unprecedented in the extent they're growing up online.

Why it matters: They're weaned on TikTok, Amazon and in-app purchases. They're learning from their millennial parents to hold brands accountable for causes like social justice and sustainability. And no prior age cohort will be as large in size or marketing power.