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Photo: Matthew Busch for The Washington Post via Getty Images

New, real world data shows the human papillomavirus, or HPV, vaccine cut cervical cancer rates among women in the U.K. by nearly 90%, according to a study published Wednesday in The Lancet.

Why it matters: Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer among women in the world, per the World Health Organization, killing more than 300,000 women each year.

By the numbers: The study estimates that by mid-2019, the HPV vaccine had prevented about 450 cancer and 17,200 pre-cancer diagnoses over 11 years, according to the study's funder, Cancer Research UK.

  • The adults, who are now in their 20s, reported a 87% reduction in cervical cancer, according to the study.
  • Those who got the vaccine between ages 14 and 16 saw a 62% reduced rate of cancer and cancerous conditions and those between 16 and 18 years old saw a 24% decrease risk, according to the study.
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that among vaccinated women, the percentage of cervical pre-cancer linked to cervical cancer dropped 40%.

Of note: The U.K.'s HPV vaccine program was launched in 2008 and targets girls between the ages of 11 and 13, per Cancer Research UK.

  • The vaccine is most effective during this age range, "when someone is less likely to have been exposed to HPV," per Cancer Research UK.

Go deeper

Sen. Amy Klobuchar says she remains cancer-free

Photo: Anna Moneymaker/Getty Images

Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-Minn.) said Wednesday that her first six-month post-cancer exam showed that "everything was clear."

The big picture: Klobuchar revealed in September that she had been diagnosed with stage 1A breast cancer in February. She completed radiation treatment in May and "it was determined in August that the treatment went well."

Rep. Sewell: Expanding health coverage could be key to early cancer detection

Axios' Caitlin Owens and Rep. Terri Sewell (D-Ala.) speaking at an Axios event on Wednesday.

Rep. Terri Sewell (D-Ala.) told Axios during an event Wednesday she hopes the extended premium tax credits from President Biden's social spending bill will be key to detecting cancers earlier, if the legislation passes.

Why it matters: Sewell said some 300,000 people in her home state of Alabama fall into the "Medicaid gap" — meaning they make too much money to qualify for Medicaid, but too little to afford their own insurance.

Updated 15 hours ago - Sports

The potential GOAT of chess faces intriguing challenger

Illustration: Sarah Grillo/Axios

The World Chess Championship between Norway's Magnus Carlsen and Russia's Ian Nepomniachtchi began on Friday, 1,094 days after Carlsen won his fourth consecutive title.

Why it matters: During the long, COVID-fueled layoff, chess entered a new era, and with the championship finally here, the age-old game is ready for its close-up.