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Illustration: Shoshana Gordon/Axios

The U.S. is more diverse, more urbanized and growing slower overall than in past decades, according to data from the 2020 census released on Thursday.

Why it matters: The decennial census provides a snapshot of the ever-changing demographics of the U.S. — and sets up the partisan fight over how states will redistribute electoral power for the next decade through redistricting.

The big picture: Almost all of the country's population growth occurred in large metro areas over the decade. For the first time, all 10 of the largest U.S. cities have more than 1 million people.

  • And rural areas shrunk as cities grew: More than half of U.S. counties saw their overall populations decline compared to 2010, Marc Perry, a senior demographer at the Census Bureau said during the press conference.

Also for the first time ever, there was an overall decline in the non-Hispanic white population.

  • The U.S. is more diverse overall than a decade ago. There was a 61.1% chance nationally that two people chosen at random were from different races or ethnicities.

What to watch: Some states have rapidly approaching redistricting deadlines, cut-offs for candidate filings and primary dates. The delayed census results will force expedited map-drawing — and any litigation that ensues.

  • Party officials, attorneys and experts will have an eye on states that are gaining or losing congressional seats— like Texas, Florida, North Carolina, New York and Illinois. The new census data provides a better sense of where extra seats might go in some states and which areas might lose representation in others.
  • The census released the data in what is called the legacy format, which isn't as easily digested. It could take days for some state redistricting officials to convert the data into maps. A more user-friendly version of the data will be released at the end of September.

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Just as it seems every Californian and her brother are moving to Central Texas, a recent study compares the economic policies of California and Texas and how they affect quality of life.

Why it matters: The two most populous states in the country have long epitomized contrasting ideas about government, including policies on taxes, regulation and, more recently, pandemic response.

Updated 31 mins ago - Politics & Policy

Facebook paying up to $14M to settle employment discrimination claims

Photo: T.J. Kirkpatrick/Bloomberg via Getty Images

Facebook has agreed to pay up to $14.25 million to settle allegations that it discriminated against American workers by reserving positions for temporary visa holders, the Justice Department announced on Tuesday.

Why it matters: The settlement represents the largest civil penalty and monetary award that the Civil Rights Division has recovered in the 35-year history of the Immigration and Nationality Act's anti-discrimination provision.

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Mapping repression in China's Xinjiang region

Data: © Mapbox, © OpenStreetMap; Map: Will Chase/Axios

A sweeping new report released today by an Australian research organization reveals new details about how the Chinese Communist Party — and specifically who within the party — is carrying out its campaign of repression in Xinjiang.

Why it matters: Uncovering the actual offices and individuals implementing the Chinese government's genocide and forced labor policies in Xinjiang can bring accountability and help international companies delink supply chains in compliance with U.S. and EU forced labor laws.