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Hook today in Jerusalem. Photo: Abir Sultan/POOL/AFP via Getty

The Trump administration will use military force if that's what it takes to prevent Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon, President Trump’s envoy for Iran, Brian Hook, told me in an interview today in Jerusalem.

Why it matters: Hook is on a regional tour to discuss Iran with U.S. allies, with stops in Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, the UAE and Israel. The main issue on his agenda is the U.S. efforts to extend an international arms embargo on Iran beyond October, when it is due to expire.

What he's saying: “What I am hearing very clearly is that the arms embargo on Iran cannot be allowed to expire. When you see the Israelis and the Arabs agree on something so strongly, people should listen," Hook said.

The problem: Russia and China, both members of the UN Security Council, oppose the U.S. efforts to extend the embargo.

  • The U.S. has attempted to apply public pressure on those countries, and Hook is trying to mobilize support from other Security Council members.
  • "I am hopeful because Russia and China also want a stable Middle East and if they let the arms embargo expire, that won’t be possible, because in four months Iran will be free to import and export heavy weapons," Hook said.
  • "They will move them to their proxies — Hamas, Hezbollah and other Shia militias that threaten Israel and our Arab partners."
A tweet previously embedded here has been deleted or was tweeted from an account that has been suspended or deleted.

What to watch: Extending the embargo is plan A for the Trump administration, but if it fails, the U.S. will demand that a snapback mechanism from the Iran nuclear deal be implemented to resume UN sanctions on Tehran.

  • Hook claimed in the interview that the U.S. has a legal basis for doing so even after it withdrew from the nuclear deal in 2018.
  • "We will exercise our legally available options to make sure the arms embargo is extended. We can do it the easy way or we can do it the hard way. Our preference is to extend the arms embargo. If we are successful with plan A we won’t have to go to plan B," Hook said.

Meanwhile, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo pushed for an extension of the embargo today at the Security Council but received a frosty reception, with many of the 15 members criticizing the U.S. for withdrawing from the nuclear deal, per Foreign Policy.

  • Germany agreed with China's argument that the U.S. does not have the right to trigger the sanctions snapback.
  • The European signatories are hoping to keep the deal alive through November's election, partially in hopes that a Biden administration would rejoin.
  • They're concerned about Iran trading arms, but they're also worried about what Iran — which has already violated several of the deal's terms since America's withdrawal — will do next if denied some of the incentives from the deal.

Go deeper

Dave Lawler, author of World
Sep 22, 2020 - World

Trump and Xi to give dueling speeches Tuesday at UN General Assembly

Illustration: Lazaro Gamio/Axios

President Trump and China’s Xi Jinping will address the UN General Assembly just minutes apart on Tuesday morning — with Russia’s Vladimir Putin following soon thereafter.

The big picture: Trump has promised a “strong message on China.” Xi, meanwhile, is expected to laud global cooperation — with the clear implication that it can be led from Beijing.

Dave Lawler, author of World
Sep 22, 2020 - World

In UN address, Trump says China "unleashed this plague onto the world"

Photo: Jim Watson/AFP via Getty Images

President Trump used a virtual address to the UN General Assembly on Tuesday to defend his response to the coronavirus and call on other countries to “hold accountable the nation which unleashed this plague onto the world: China.”

Setting the scene: Trump ticked through four years of major decisions and accomplishments in what could be his last address to the UN. But first, he launched into a fierce attack on China as Beijing’s representative looked on in the assembly hall.

The separate and unequal paths in business

Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios

When a bank turned down George Johnson for a business loan, he got creative. He returned and told the bank he needed $250 to take his wife on a vacation — and was approved. Then he invested the cash in his business, which became the first Black enterprise to trade on the American Stock Exchange.

Why it matters: The highways to success in the U.S. market economy — in entrepreneurship, corporate leadership and wealth creation — are often punctuated with roadblocks and winding detours for people of color.