A sign showing gas prices per gallon in 2014. Photo: Joe Raedle/Getty Images

The world's largest publicly held oil-and-gas companies are slated to report third-quarter earnings this week.

Why it matters: It provides the latest window into how the companies are handling modest oil prices and sluggish global demand growth.

  • BP reports Tuesday; Total SA reports Wednesday; Royal Dutch Shell's comes Thursday; and U.S.-based giants Exxon and Chevron arrive Friday.

Threat level: Per Bloomberg, the companies are expected to post an average 42% drop in earnings.

  • That decline stems not only from oil prices, but also weakness in the petrochemicals market, maintenance keeping facilities at below capacity, and other forces.

But, but, but: It's not just the biggest multinationals facing a tough earnings season.

  • "Investors are bracing for weaker results from U.S. shale players in coming days as lower oil and natural gas prices and cost-cutting measures have weighed on third-quarter operations," Reuters reports.

Go deeper: Big Oil's Q3 lobbying numbers

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U.S. officials: Iran and Russia aim to interfere in election

Iran and Russia have obtained voter registration information that can be used to undermine confidence in the U.S. election system, Director of National Intelligence John Ratcliffe announced at a press conference Wednesday evening.

Why it matters: The revelation comes roughly two weeks before Election Day. Ratcliffe said Iran has sent threatening emails to Democratic voters this week in states across the U.S. and spread videos claiming that people can vote more than once.

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Coronavirus dashboard

Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios

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Supreme Court blocks Alabama curbside voting measure

Photo: Mark Wilson/Getty Images

The Supreme Court on Wednesday evening blocked a lower court order that would have allowed voters to cast ballots curbside at Alabama polling places on Election Day.

Whit it matters: With less than two weeks until Election Day, the justices voted 5-3 to reinstate the curbside voting ban and overturn a lower court judge's ruling designed to protect people with disabilities during the coronavirus pandemic.