Tech companies are billing products as AI-powered for that future-wow factor — even if artificial intelligence is only a small part of the equation. In The Guardian, Olivia Solon charts the rise of "pseudo-AI" products that have humans quietly do the dirty work.

Why it matters: Some experts warn of an impending "AI winter" if currently high expectations for the technology are disappointed and investment wanes. Revelations that AI is just underpaid people could spark just that kind of disillusionment.

Companies keep getting caught outsourcing the work their technology fails to do. Some examples from The Guardian's Solon:

  • Products that promise to scan your inbox and use algorithms to tease out discounts and travel itineraries are sometimes putting private emails in front of humans, a Wall Street Journal investigation found this month.
  • Expensify, the popular business-expense management system, paid people on the Amazon Mechanical Turk platform small amounts to decipher customers' receipts, but billed the system as automated, Ars Technica reported last year.
  • Facebook Messenger's virtual assistant, M, used people to fulfill customer requests that the bot itself couldn't, Recode reported in 2015. M was shut down earlier this year.
  • In 2016, Bloomberg profiled the overworked employees who impersonated AI chatbots and personal assistants, delivering services disguised as AI.

Reality check: Some AI experts, like Berkeley's Michael Jordan and Gary Marcus of NYU, argue that many overestimate what AI is currently capable of. For now, talking AI can only hold conversations under very constrained conditions, and small corruptions can throw off computer-vision algorithms.

Yes, but: Bullish researchers argue that a growth in three key areas — computing power, the quantity of available data, and creative new algorithms — will continue to propel AI development and stave off crisis.

Go deeper: Some computer scientists are looking past deep learning, the most popular tool in AI today, for the next breakthrough (NYT)

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Trump casts himself as chief defender of American history in divisive speech at Rushmore

President Trump spoke out against a "merciless campaign" to wipe out American history during a Fourth of July celebration at Mount Rushmore.

Why it matters: Trump's "dark and divisive" speech comes as states continue to hit new coronavirus records and a national reckoning against racial inequities pushes forward, The New York Times writes. Trump's public approval is faltering heading toward the November elections, and he made an appeal to his base at Friday's spectacle, per The Washington Post.

Drive-in movie theaters are making a comeback

Illustration: Annelise Capossela/Axios

Drive-in movie theaters, the symbol of a bygone era before cellphones and constant distraction, are suddenly reemerging as a popular form of entertainment during the coronavirus crisis.

Why it matters: Indoor movie theaters are closed, but people still crave entertainment and a chance to get out of their houses. Watching a movie from the safety of a car is the next best thing.

Updated 2 hours ago - Politics & Policy

Coronavirus dashboard

Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios

  1. Global: Total confirmed cases as of 7:30 a.m. ET: 11,093,182 — Total deaths: 525,491 — Total recoveries — 5,890,052Map.
  2. U.S.: Total confirmed cases as of 7:30 a.m. ET: 2,795,163 — Total deaths: 129,437 — Total recoveries: 790,404 — Total tested: 34,213,497Map.
  3. States: ICU beds in Arizona's hot spot reach near capacity.
  4. Public health: The states where face coverings are mandatory Fauci says it has been a "very disturbing week" for the spread of the coronavirus in the U.S.
  5. Economy: The economy may recover just quickly enough to kill political interest in more stimulus.