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Abdulrazak Gurnah. Photo: Leonardo Cendamo/Getty Images

Tanzanian writer Abdulrazak Gurnah on Tuesday was awarded the Nobel Prize in literature for works that explore the effects of colonialism.

Driving the news: The Swedish Academy said Gurnah received the award "for his uncompromising and compassionate penetration of the effects of colonialism and the fate of the refugee in the gulf between cultures and continents."

  • Anders Olsson, chair of the Nobel Committee for Literature, referred to Gurnah as "one of the world’s more pre-eminent post-colonial writers."

State of play: Gurnah is the fifth African and the first in nearly two decades to win the literature prize, the New York Times notes.

  • He will receive a gold medal along with 10 million Swedish kronor, which amounts to over $1.14 million, per AP.

Details: Gurnah was born in 1948 in Zanzibar and is based in England. He recently retired from his position as a professor of English at the University of Kent. The writer has published 10 novels, with his fourth novel "Paradise" being one of his most known.

Go deeper

Oct 7, 2021 - Science

The Nobel's persistent diversity problem

Data: Nobel Prize; Note: Data does not include 2021 economics prize to be announced on Oct. 11; "Other" includes 7 countries with one winner each and 6 winners from multiple countries; Chart: Kavya Beheraj/Axios

This year's Nobel Prizes in physiology or medicine, physics and chemistry all went to men.

The big picture: A lack of diversity persists among those awarded science's top prize.

The new cold war panic

Illustration: Aïda Amer/Axios

The world has seen a power struggle between nuclear powers before, and has seen those countries inch closer to military conflict. But it's never before seen a cold war between two countries as interconnected — with each other and with the rest of the globe — as the U.S. and China.

Why it matters: Escalating antagonism between the world's two superpowers is likely to hinder global cooperation to fight climate change, divert resources to costly arms and tech races, complicate diplomacy for U.S. allies, and victimize Chinese and American citizens living in each other's countries.

Parkland shooting victims' families settle suit with school district

A makeshift memorial outside Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida, on Feb. 14, 2020. Photo: Matias J. Ocner/Miami Herald/Tribune News Service via Getty Images

Families and survivors of a 2018 mass shooting at a high school in Parkland, Fla., reached a $25 million settlement in their lawsuit against the Broward County school district Monday, per the South Florida SunSentinel.

Why it matters: The deal was reached in the suit over the massacre at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High after the school district won a Florida Supreme Court ruling that could have capped damages at $300,000 in total without approval from the state legislature, AP notes.

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