6. The dirty side of clean tech

Minerals needed for low-carbon energy
Data: IEA; Note: Analysis does not include steel or aluminum; Chart: Kavya Beheraj/Axios

Low-carbon energy products require huge volumes of resources from mining projects — meaning that slashing emissions will bring ecological and human rights perils of its own.

Why it matters: Technologies like electric car batteries, wind turbines, solar panels and hydrogen use unique minerals, including many that are in short supply.

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